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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Frequent development of combined pituitary hormone deficiency in patients initially diagnosed as isolated growth hormone deficiency: a long term follow-up of patients from a single center

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Otto, Aline P. [1] ; Franca, Marcela M. [1] ; Correa, Fernanda A. [1] ; Costalonga, Everlayny F. [1] ; Leite, Claudia C. [2] ; Mendonca, Berenice B. [1] ; Arnhold, Ivo J. P. [1] ; Carvalho, Luciani R. S. [1] ; Jorge, Alexander A. L. [3]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Unidade Endocrinol Desenvolvimento, Lab Hormonios & Genet Mol LIM 42, Disciplina Endocrinol, Hosp Clin, Fac Med, BR-05403900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Radiol, Hosp Clin, Fac Med, BR-05403900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Unidade Endocrinol Genet, Lab Endocrinol Celular & Mol LIM 25, Disciplina Endocrinol, Fac Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Pituitary; v. 18, n. 4, p. 561-567, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Children initially diagnosed with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have a variable rate to progress to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) during follow-up. To evaluate the development of CPHD in a group of childhood-onset IGHD followed at a single tertiary center over a long period of time. We retrospectively analyzed data from 83 patients initially diagnosed as IGHD with a mean follow-up of 15.2 years. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the temporal progression and to identify risk factors to development of CPHD over time. From 83 patients initially with IGHD, 37 (45 %) developed CPHD after a median time of follow up of 5.4 years (range from 1.2 to 21 years). LH and FSH deficiencies were the most common pituitary hormone (38 %) deficiencies developed followed by TSH (31 %), ACTH (12 %) and ADH deficiency (5 %). ADH deficiency (3.1 +/- A 1 years from GHD diagnosis) presented earlier and ACTH deficiency (9.3 +/- A 3.5 years) presented later during follow up compared to LH/FSH (8.3 +/- A 4 years) and TSH (7.5 +/- A 5.6 years) deficiencies. In a Cox regression model, pituitary stalk abnormalities was the strongest risk factor for the development of CPHD (hazard ratio of 3.28; p = 0.002). Our study indicated a high frequency of development of CPHD in patients initially diagnosed as IGHD at childhood. Half of our patients with IGHD developed the second hormone deficiency after 5 years of diagnosis, reinforcing the need for lifelong monitoring of pituitary function in these patients. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/03236-5 - New approaches and methodologies in molecular-genetic studies of growth and pubertal development disorders
Grantee:Alexander Augusto de Lima Jorge
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants