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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular dynamics simulations of the transport of reactive oxygen species by mammalian and plant aquaporins

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Cordeiro, Rodrigo M. [1]
Total Authors: 1
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS; v. 1850, n. 9, p. 1786-1794, SEP 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Background: Aquaporins are responsible for water transport across lipid membranes. They are also able to transport reactive oxygen species, playing an important role in redox signaling. Certain plant aquaporins have even the ability to be regulated by oxidative stress. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. Methods: Here, molecular dynamics simulations were employed to determine the activation free energies related to the transport of reactive oxygen species through both mammalian and plant aquaporin models. Results and conclusions: Both aquaporins may transport hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the protonated form of superoxide radicals (HO2). The solution-to-pore transfer free energies were low for small oxy-radicals, suggesting that even highly reactive hydroxyl radicals (HO) might have access to the pore interior and oxidize amino acids responsible for channel selectivity. In the plant aquaporin, no significant change in water permeability was observed upon oxidation of the solvent-exposed disulfide bonds at the extracellular region. During the simulated time scale, the existence of a direct oxidative gating mechanism involving these disulfide bonds could not be demonstrated. General significance: Simulation results may improve the understanding of redox signaling mechanisms and help in the interpretation of protein oxidative labeling experiments. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50680-5 - Photosensitization in life sciences
Grantee:Mauricio da Silva Baptista
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants