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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genome-Wide Scan for Visceral Leishmaniasis in Mixed-Breed Dogs Identifies Candidate Genes Involved in T Helper Cells and Macrophage Signaling

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Utsunomiya, Yuri T. [1] ; Ribeiro, Erica S. [2] ; Quintal, Amanda P. N. [2] ; Sangalli, Juliano R. [2] ; Gazola, Valquiria R. [2] ; Paula, Henrique B. [2] ; Trinconi, Cristiana M. [2] ; Lima, Valeria M. F. [2] ; Perri, Silvia H. V. [2] ; Taylor, Jeremy F. [3] ; Schnabel, Robert D. [3] ; Sonstegard, Tad S. [4] ; Garcia, Jose F. [1, 2] ; Nunes, Caris M. [2]
Total Authors: 14
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Med Vet Prevent & Reprod Anim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Med Vet Aracatuba, Dept Apoio Saude & Prod Anim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Missouri, Div Anim Sci, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[4] USDA ARS, Anim Genom & Improvement Lab, Beltsville, MD - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 9 SEP 8 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 11

We conducted a genome-wide scan for visceral leishmaniasis in mixed-breed dogs from a highly endemic area in Brazil using 149,648 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers genotyped in 20 cases and 28 controls. Using a mixed model approach, we found two candidate loci on canine autosomes 1 and 2. The positional association on chromosome 2 mapped to a predicted DNAse sensitive site in CD14+ monocytes that serve as a cis-regulatory element for the expression of interleukin alpha receptors 2 (IL2RA) and 15 (IL15RA). Both interleukins were previously found to lead to protective T helper 1 cell (Th1) response against Leishmania spp. in humans and mice. The associated marker on chromosome 1 was located between two predicted transcription factor binding sites regulating the expression of the transducin-like enhancer of split 1 gene (TLE1), an important player in Notch signaling. This pathway is critical for macrophage activity and CD4+ T cell differentiation into Th1 and T helper 2. Together, these findings suggest that the human and mouse model for protective response against Leishmania spp., which involves Th1 and macrophage modulation by interleukins 2, 15, gamma interferon and Notch signaling, may also hold for the canine model. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/01095-8 - Use of next generation sequencing for the fine mapping of loci explaining variance in scrotal circumference in Nellore cattle
Grantee:Yuri Tani Utsunomiya
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate