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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mitochondrial genomes and comparative analyses of Culex camposi, Culex coronator, Culex usquatus and Culex usquatissimus (Diptera:Culicidae), members of the coronator group

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Demari-Silva, Bruna [1] ; Foster, Peter G. [2] ; de Oliveira, Tatiane M. P. [1] ; Bergo, Eduardo S. [3] ; Sanabani, Sabri S. [4] ; Pessoa, Rodrigo [4] ; Sallum, Maria Anice M. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nat Hist Museum, Dept Life Sci, London SW7 5BD - England
[3] Secretaria Estado Saude Sao Paulo, Superintendencia Controle Endemias, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Pathol, Hosp Clin, LIM 03, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Genomics; v. 16, OCT 21 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Background: The Coronator Group currently encompasses six morphologically similar species (Culex camposi Dyar, Culex coronator Dyar and Knab, Culex covagarciai Forattini, Culex usquatus Dyar, Culex usquatissimus Dyar, and Culex ousqua Dyar). Culex coronator has been incriminated as a potential vector of West Nile Virus (WNV), Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV), and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEEV). The complete mitochondrial genome of Cx. coronator, Cx. usquatus, Cx. usquatissimus, and Cx. camposi was sequenced, annotated, and analyzed to provide genetic information about these species. Results: The mitochondrial genomes of Cx. coronator, Cx. usquatus, Cx. usquatissimus, and Cx. camposi varied from 15,573 base pairs in Cx. usquatus to 15,576 in Cx. coronator. They contained 37 genes (13 protein-encoding genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes) and the AT-rich control region. Comparative analyses of the 37 genes demonstrated the mitochondrial genomes to be composed of variable and conserved genes. Despite the small size, the ATP8, ATP6 plus NADH5 protein-encoding genes were polymorphic, whereas tRNAs and rRNAs were conserved. The control region contained some poly-T stretch. The Bayesian phylogenetic tree corroborated that both the Coronator Group and the Culex pipens complex are monophyletic taxa. Conclusions: The mitochondrial genomes of Cx. coronator, Cx. usquatus, Cx. usquatissimus and Cx. camposi share the same gene composition and arrangement features that match to those reported for most Culicidae species. They are composed of the same 37 genes and the AT-rich control region, which contains poly-T stretches that may be involved in the functional role of the mitochondrial genome. Taken together, results of the dN/dS ratios, the sliding window analyses and the Bayesian phylogenetic analyses suggest that ATP6, ATP8 and NADH5 are promising genes to be employed in phylogenetic studies involving species of the Coronator Group, and probably other species groups of the subgenus Culex. Bayesian topology corroborated the morphological hypothesis of the Coronator Group as monophyletic lineage within the subgenus Culex. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/26229-7 - Latitudinal landscape genomics and ecology of Anopheles darlingi
Grantee:Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants