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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Somatic mutations in breast and serous ovarian cancer young patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Author(s):
Encinas, Giselly ; Maistro, Simone ; Pasini, Fatima Solange ; Hirata Katayama, Maria Lucia ; Brentani, Maria Mitzi ; de Bock, Geertruida Hendrika ; Azevedo Koike Folgueira, Maria Aparecida
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Review article
Source: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira; v. 61, n. 5, p. 474-483, SEP-OCT 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

Objective: our aim was to evaluate whether somatic mutations in five genes were associated with an early age at presentation of breast cancer (BC) or serous ovarian cancer (SOC). Methods: COSMIC database was searched for the five most frequent somatic mutations in BC and SOC. A systematic review of PubMed was performed. Young age for BC and SOC patients was set at <= 35 and <= 40 years, respectively. Age groups were also classified in <30years and every 10 years thereafter. Results: twenty six (1,980 patients, 111 younger) and 16 studies (598, 41 younger), were analyzed for BC and SOC, respectively. In BC, PIK3CA wild type tumor was associated with early onset, not confirmed in binary regression with estrogen receptor (ER) status. In HER2-negative tumors, there was increased frequency of PIK3CA somatic mutation in older age groups; in ER-positive tumors, there was a trend towards an increased frequency of PIK3CA somatic mutation in older age groups. TP53 somatic mutation was described in 20% of tumors from both younger and older patients; PTEN, CDH1 and GATA3 somatic mutation was investigated only in 16 patients and PTEN mutation was detected in one of them. In SOC, TP53 somatic mutation was rather common, detected in more than 50% of tumors, however, more frequently in older patients. Conclusion: frequency of somatic mutations in specific genes was not associated with early-onset breast cancer. Although very common in patients with serous ovarian cancer diagnosed at all ages, TP53 mutation was more frequently detected in older women. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/09572-1 - Somatic and Germline Mutations in Young Patients with Breast Cancer
Grantee:Giselly Encinas Zanetti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/12306-4 - Determination of Somatic and Germline Mutations in Young Patients with Breast Cancer
Grantee:Maria Aparecida Azevedo Koike Folgueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants