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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Relativistic Bose-Einstein condensation with disorder

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Arias, E. [1] ; Krein, G. [2] ; Menezes, G. [3] ; Svaiter, N. F. [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Inst Politecn, BR-28625570 Nova Friburgo, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Fis Teor, BR-01140070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rural Rio De Janeiro, Dept Fis, Grp Fis Teor & Matemat Fis, BR-23897000 Seropedica, RJ - Brazil
[4] Ctr Brasileiro Pesquisas Fis, BR-22299018 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physics A-Mathematical and Theoretical; v. 48, n. 49 DEC 11 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 1

We investigate the thermodynamics of a self-interacting relativistic charged scalar field in the presence of weak disorder. We consider quenched disorder which couples linearly to the mass of the scalar field. After performing noise averages over the free energy of the system, we find that disorder increases the mean-field critical temperature for Bose-Einstein condensation at finite density in the ultrarelativistic limit. In turn, preliminary non-relativistic calculations indicate that the presence of randomness affects the Bose gas in the opposite way in such a limit, i.e. disorder reduces the mean-field condensation temperature. The effect of disorder on the temperature dependence of the chemical potential for a fixed charge density is investigated. Significant differences from the mean-field temperature dependence of the chemical potential are observed as the strength of the noise intensity increases. Finally, the temperature dependence of the chemical potential with fixed total charge and entropy is investigated. It is found that there is no Bose-Einstein condensation for a fixed charge to entropy ratio in the presence of weak disorder. The possible relevance of the findings in the present paper in different areas is discussed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/01907-0 - São Paulo Research and Analysis Center
Grantee:Sergio Ferraz Novaes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants