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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Relationship of aerobic and anaerobic parameters with 400 m front crawl swimming performance

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Author(s):
Kalva-Filho, C. A. [1] ; Campos, E. Z. [2] ; Andrade, V. L. [1] ; Silva, A. S. R. [3] ; Zagatto, A. M. [4] ; Lima, M. C. S. [2] ; Papoti, M. [3]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Rehabil & Funct Performance, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] State Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Rio Claro - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo State UNESP, Dept Phys Educ, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOLOGY OF SPORT; v. 32, n. 4, p. 333-337, 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The aims of the present study were to investigate the relationship of aerobic and anaerobic parameters with 400 m performance, and establish which variable better explains long distance performance in swimming. Twenty-two swimmers (19.1 +/- 1.5 years, height 173.9 +/- 10.0 cm, body mass 71.2 +/- 10.2 kg; 76.6 +/- 5.3% of 400 m world record) underwent a lactate minimum test to determine lactate minimum speed (LMS) (i.e., aerobic capacity index). Moreover, the swimmers performed a 400 m maximal effort to determine mean speed (S400m), peak oxygen uptake ((V) over dotO(2PEAK)) and total anaerobic contribution (C-ANA). The C-ANA was assumed as the sum of alactic and lactic contributions. Physiological parameters of 400 m were determined using the backward extrapolation technique ((V) over dotO(2PEAK)and alactic contributions of C-ANA) and blood lactate concentration analysis (lactic anaerobic contributions of C-ANA). The Pearson correlation test and backward multiple regression analysis were used to verify the possible correlations between the physiological indices (predictor factors) and S400m (independent variable) (p<0.05). Values are presented as mean +/- standard deviation. Significant correlations were observed between S400m (1.4 +/- 0.1 m.s(-1)) and LMS (1.3 +/- 0.1 m.s(-1); r=0.80), (V) over dotO(2PEAK) (4.5 +/- 3.9 L.min(-1); r=0.72) and C-ANA (4.7 +/- 1.5 L center dot O-2; r=0.44). The best model constructed using multiple regression analysis demonstrated that LMS and (V) over dotO(2PEAK) explained 85% of the 400 m performance variance. When backward multiple regression analysis was performed, C-ANA lost significance. Thus, the results demonstrated that both aerobic parameters (capacity and power) can be used to predict 400 m swimming performance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/15322-3 - Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit determination using the backward extrapolation technique in swimmers, runners and cyclists
Grantee:Marcelo Papoti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/05357-9 - VALIDATION OF A SPECIFIC TEST FOR DETERMINATION THE MAXIMAL ACCUMULATED OXYGEN DEFICIT (MAOD) AND MAXIMAL LACTATE STEADY STATE IN TETHERED SWIMMING
Grantee:Carlos Augusto Kalva Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master