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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Synthesis, Characterization, and Environmental Applications of Hybrid Materials Based on Humic Acid Obtained by the Sol Gel Route

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Author(s):
de Oliveira, Lilian Karla [1] ; Molina, Eduardo Ferreira [1] ; Moura, Andre L. A. [1] ; de Faria, Emerson Henrique [1] ; Ciuffi, Katia Jorge [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Franca, Ave Armando Salles Oliveira 201, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES; v. 8, n. 2, p. 1478-1485, JAN 20 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Humic acids (HAs) are ubiquitous macromolecules in the environment. Due to their high contents of oxygenated functional groups, they can interact with contaminants present in the natural environment and therefore influence the behavior of pollutants. However, a pH of 2 or lower is required to maintain HAs in the solid form. To increase the stability of HAs and their capacity to bind to contaminants, this work proposes the development of new hybrid materials based on alkoxysilanes and HAs for environmental applications such as dye adsorption. Three different materials with new functional groups were prepared by employing the following alkoxysilanes: tetraethyl orthosilicate, (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, and N-{[}3-(trimethoxylsilyl)propyl]ethylenediamine. The final materials were denoted HWA, HOA, and HTA, respectively, and they were characterized by elemental analysis, diffuse reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (DRIFT), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N-2 gas-volumetric adsorption. The point of zero charge (pzc) and stability of these materials were also determined. Their selectivity was evaluated in adsorption experiments performed with two different charged dyes in aqueous medium, namely anionic rose bengal (RB) and cationic methylene blue (MB). The elemental, DRIFT, SAXS, SEM, and textural analyses confirmed the presence of a combination of the features of HAs and alkoxysilanes. The pzc results showed that the new materials displayed different characteristics and affinities. All the materials were stable in aqueous solution up to pH 10. For MB, the percentage removal values obtained by using HWA, HOA, and HTA were 98, 85, and 67%, respectively. As for RB, the percentage removal values were 19, 18, and 44% for HWA, HOA, and HTA, respectively. These hybrid materials have potential use as adsorbents for the removal of cationic or anionic species and could be viable alternatives to remove various substances present as contaminants in natural environments. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/27039-4 - Organic-inorganic hybrids based on humic substances and ALKOXYSILYL groups: evaluation of selectivity in wastewater treatment
Grantee:Lílian Karla de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate