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Prototype muon detectors for the AMIGA component of the Pierre Auger Observatory

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Aab, A. [1] ; Abreu, P. [2, 3] ; Aglietta, M. [4, 5] ; Ahn, E. J. [6] ; Al Samarai, I. [7] ; Albuquerque, I. F. M. [8] ; Allekotte, I. [9, 10] ; Allison, P. [11] ; Almela, A. [12, 13] ; Alvarez Castillo, J. [14] ; Alvarez-Muniz, J. [15] ; Batista, R. Alves [16] ; Ambrosio, M. [17, 18] ; Aminaei, A. [19] ; Anastasi, G. A. [20, 21] ; Anchordoqui, L. [22] ; Andrada, B. [12] ; Andringa, S. [2, 3] ; Aramo, C. [17, 18] ; Arqueros, F. [23] ; Arsene, N. [24] ; Asorey, H. [9, 10, 25] ; Assis, P. [2, 3] ; Aublin, J. [26, 27] ; Avila, G. [28, 29] ; Awal, N. [30] ; Badescu, A. M. [31] ; Baus, C. [32] ; Beatty, J. J. [11] ; Becker, K. H. [33] ; Bellido, J. A. [34] ; Berat, C. [35] ; Bertaina, M. E. [36, 4] ; Bertou, X. [9, 10] ; Biermann, P. L. [37] ; Billoir, P. [26, 27] ; Blaess, S. G. [34] ; Blanco, A. [3] ; Blanco, M. [26, 27, 2] ; Blazek, J. [38] ; Bleve, C. [39, 40] ; Bluemer, H. [32, 41] ; Bohacova, M. [38] ; Boncioli, D. [42] ; Bonifazi, C. [43] ; Borodai, N. [44] ; Botti, A. M. [12] ; Brack, J. [45] ; Brancus, I. [46] ; Bretz, T. [47] ; Bridgeman, A. [41] ; Brogueira, P. [2, 3] ; Buchholz, P. [1] ; Bueno, A. [48, 49] ; Buitink, S. [19] ; Buscemi, M. [17, 18] ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. [50] ; Caccianiga, B. [51, 52] ; Caccianiga, L. [26, 27] ; Candusso, M. [53, 54] ; Caramete, L. [55] ; Caruso, R. [20, 21] ; Castellina, A. [5, 4] ; Cataldi, G. [39, 40] ; Cazon, L. [2, 3] ; Cester, R. [36, 56] ; Chavez, A. G. [57] ; Chiavassa, A. [36, 4] ; Chinellato, J. A. [58] ; Chudoba, J. [38] ; Cilmo, M. [17, 18] ; Clay, R. W. [34] ; Cocciolo, G. [39, 40] ; Colalillo, R. [17, 18] ; Coleman, A. [59] ; Collica, L. [4] ; Coluccia, M. R. [39, 40] ; Conceicao, R. [2, 3] ; Contreras, F. [28] ; Cooper, M. J. [34] ; Cordier, A. [60] ; Coutu, S. [59] ; Covault, C. E. [61] ; Cronin, J. [62] ; Dallier, R. [63, 64] ; Daniel, B. [58] ; Dasso, S. [65, 66, 67] ; Daumiller, K. [41] ; Dawson, B. R. [34] ; de Almeida, R. M. [68] ; de Jong, S. J. [19, 69] ; De Mauro, G. [19] ; de Mello Neto, J. R. T. [43] ; De Mitri, I. [39, 40] ; de Oliveira, J. [68] ; de Souza, V. [70] ; del Peral, L. [71] ; Deligny, O. [7] ; Dhital, N. [72] ; Di Giulio, C. [53, 54] ; Di Matteo, A. [73, 74] ; Diaz, J. C. [72] ; Diaz Castro, M. L. [58] ; Diogo, F. [2, 3] ; Dobrigkeit, C. [58] ; Docters, W. [75] ; D'Olivo, J. C. [14] ; Dorofeev, A. [45] ; Hasankiadeh, Q. Dorosti [41] ; dos Anjos, R. C. [70] ; Dova, M. T. [76, 77] ; Ebr, J. [38] ; Engel, R. [41] ; Erdmann, M. [47] ; Erfani, M. [1] ; Escobar, C. O. [58, 6] ; Espadanal, J. [2, 3] ; Etchegoyen, A. [12, 13] ; Falcke, H. [19, 78, 69] ; Fang, K. [62] ; Farrar, G. [30] ; Fauth, A. C. [58] ; Fazzini, N. [6] ; Ferguson, A. P. [61] ; Fick, B. [72] ; Figueira, J. M. [12] ; Filevich, A. [12] ; Filipcic, A. [79, 80] ; Fratu, O. [31] ; Freire, M. M. [81, 82] ; Fujii, T. [62] ; Fuster, A. [12] ; Gallo, F. [12] ; Garcia, B. [83, 84] ; Garcia-Gamez, D. [60] ; Garcia-Pinto, D. [23] ; Gate, F. [63] ; Gemmeke, H. [85] ; Gherghel-Lascu, A. [46] ; Ghia, P. L. [26, 27] ; Giaccari, U. [43] ; Giammarchi, M. [51, 52] ; Giller, M. [86] ; Glas, D. [86] ; Glaser, C. [47] ; Glass, H. [6] ; Golup, G. [9, 10] ; Berisso, M. Gomez [9, 10] ; Gomez Vitale, P. F. [28, 29] ; Gonzalez, N. [12] ; Gookin, B. [45] ; Gordon, J. [11] ; Gorgi, A. [4, 5] ; Gorham, P. [87] ; Gouffon, P. [8] ; Griffith, N. [11] ; Grillo, A. F. [42] ; Grubb, T. D. [34] ; Guarino, F. [17, 18] ; Guedes, G. P. [88] ; Hampel, M. R. [12] ; Hansen, P. [76, 77] ; Harari, D. [9, 10] ; Harrison, T. A. [34] ; Hartmann, S. [47] ; Harton, J. L. [45] ; Haungs, A. [41] ; Hebbeker, T. [47] ; Heck, D. [41] ; Heimann, P. [1] ; Herve, A. E. [41] ; Hill, G. C. [34] ; Hojvat, C. [6] ; Hollon, N. [62] ; Holt, E. [41] ; Homola, P. [33] ; Horandel, J. R. [19, 69] ; Horvath, P. [89] ; Hrabovsky, M. [38, 89] ; Huber, D. [32] ; Huege, T. [41] ; Insolia, A. [20, 21] ; Isar, P. G. [55] ; Jandt, I. [33] ; Jansen, S. [19, 69] ; Jarne, C. [76, 77] ; Johnsen, J. A. [90] ; Josebachuili, M. [12] ; Kaeaepae, A. [33] ; Kambeitz, . [32] ; Kampert, K. H. [33] ; Kasper, P. [6] ; Katkov, I. [32] ; Keilhauer, B. [41] ; Kemp, E. [58] ; Kieckhafer, R. M. [72] ; Klages, H. O. [41] ; Kleifges, M. [85] ; Kleinfeller, J. [28] ; Krause, R. [47] ; Krohm, N. [33] ; Kuempel, D. [47] ; Mezek, G. Kukec [79] ; Kunka, N. [85] ; Awad, A. W. Kuotb [41] ; LaHurd, D. [61] ; Latronico, L. [4] ; Lauer, R. [91] ; Lauscher, M. [47] ; Lautridou, P. [63] ; Le Coz, S. [35] ; Lebrun, D. [35] ; Lebrun, P. [6] ; Leigui de Oliveira, M. A. [92] ; Letessier-Selvon, A. [26, 27] ; Lhenry-Yvon, I. [7] ; Link, K. [32] ; Lopes, L. [2, 3] ; Lopez, R. [93] ; Lopez Casado, A. [15] ; Louedec, K. [35] ; Lucero, A. [12] ; Malacari, M. [34] ; Mallamaci, M. [51, 52] ; Maller, J. [63] ; Mandat, D. [38] ; Mantsch, P. [6] ; Mariazzi, A. G. [76, 77] ; Marin, V. [63] ; Maris, I. C. [48, 49] ; Marsella, G. [39, 40] ; Martello, D. [39, 40] ; Martinez, H. [94] ; Martinez Bravo, O. [93] ; Martraire, D. [7] ; Masias Meza, J. J. [65, 66] ; Mathes, H. J. [41] ; Mathys, S. [33] ; Matthews, J. [95] ; Matthews, J. A. J. [91] ; Matthiae, G. [53, 54] ; Maurizio, D. [96] ; Mayotte, E. [90] ; Mazur, P. O. [6] ; Medina, C. [90] ; Medina-Tanco, G. [14] ; Meissner, R. [47] ; Mello, V. B. B. [43] ; Melo, D. [12] ; Menshikov, A. [85] ; Messina, S. [75] ; Micheletti, M. I. [82, 81] ; Middendorf, L. [47] ; Minaya, I. A. [23] ; Miramonti, L. [51, 52] ; Mitrica, B. [46] ; Molina-Bueno, L. [48, 49] ; Mollerach, S. [9, 10] ; Montanet, F. [35] ; Morello, C. [5, 4] ; Mostafa, M. [59] ; Moura, C. A. [92] ; Mueller, G. [47] ; Muller, M. A. [58, 97] ; Mueller, S. [41] ; Navas, S. [48, 49] ; Necesal, P. [38] ; Nellen, L. [14] ; Nelles, A. [19, 69] ; Neuser, J. [33] ; Nguyen, P. H. [34] ; Niculescu-Oglinzanu, M. [46] ; Niechciol, M. [1] ; Niemietz, L. [33] ; Niggemann, T. [47] ; Nitz, D. [72] ; Nosek, D. [98] ; Novotny, V. [98] ; Nozka, L. [89] ; Nunez, L. A. [25] ; Ochilo, L. [1] ; Oikonomou, F. [59] ; Olinto, A. [62] ; Pacheco, N. [71] ; Pakk Selmi-Dei, D. [58] ; Palatka, M. [38] ; Pallotta, J. [99, 100] ; Papenbreer, P. [33] ; Parente, G. [15] ; Parra, A. [93] ; Paul, T. [101, 22] ; Pech, M. [38] ; Pekala, J. [44] ; Pelayo, R. [102] ; Pepe, I. M. [103] ; Perrone, L. [39, 40] ; Petermann, E. [104] ; Peters, C. [47] ; Petrera, S. [73, 105, 74] ; Petrov, Y. [45] ; Phuntsok, J. [59] ; Piegaia, R. [66, 65] ; Pierog, T. [41] ; Pieroni, P. [65, 66] ; Pimenta, M. [2, 3] ; Pirronello, V. [20, 21] ; Platino, M. [12] ; Plum, M. [47] ; Porcelli, A. [41] ; Porowski, C. [44] ; Prado, R. R. [70] ; Privitera, P. [62] ; Prouza, M. [38] ; Quel, E. J. [99, 100] ; Querchfed, S. [33] ; Quinn, S. [61] ; Rautenberg, J. [33] ; Ravel, O. [63] ; Ravignani, D. [12] ; Reinert, D. [47] ; Revenu, B. [63] ; Ridky, J. [38] ; Risse, M. [1] ; Ristori, P. [99, 100] ; Rizi, V. [73, 74] ; Rodrigues de Carvalho, W. [15] ; Rodriguez Rojo, J. [28] ; Rodriguez-Frias, M. D. [71] ; Rogozin, D. [41] ; Rosado, J. [23] ; Roth, M. [41] ; Roulet, E. [9, 10] ; Rovero, A. C. [67] ; Saffi, S. J. [34] ; Saftoiu, A. [46] ; Salazar, H. [93] ; Saleh, A. [79] ; Salesa Greus, F. [59] ; Salina, G. [53, 54] ; Sanabria Gomez, J. D. [25] ; Sanchez, F. [12] ; Sanchez-Lucas, P. [48, 49] ; Santos, E. M. [8] ; Santos, E. [58] ; Sarazin, F. [90] ; Sarkar, B. [33] ; Sarmento, R. [2, 3] ; Sarmiento-Cano, C. [25] ; Sato, R. [28] ; Scarso, C. [28] ; Schauer, M. [33] ; Scherini, V. [40, 39] ; Schieler, H. [41] ; Schmidt, D. ; Scholten, O. [75, 106] ; Schoorlemmer, H. [87] ; Schovanek, P. [38] ; Schroeder, F. G. [41] ; Schulz, A. [41] ; Schulz, J. [19] ; Schumacher, J. [47] ; Sciutto, S. J. [76, 77] ; Segreto, A. [107] ; Settimo, M. [26, 27] ; Shadkam, A. [95] ; Shellard, R. C. [96] ; Sigl, G. [16] ; Sima, O. [24] ; Smialkowski, A. [86] ; Smida, R. [41] ; Snow, G. R. [104] ; Sommers, P. [59] ; Sonntag, S. [1] ; Sorokin, J. [34] ; Squartini, R. [28] ; Srivastava, Y. N. [101] ; Stanca, D. [46] ; Stanic, S. [79] ; Stapleton, J. [11] ; Stasielak, J. [44] ; Stephan, M. [47] ; Stutz, A. [35] ; Suarez, F. [12, 13] ; Suarez Duran, M. [25] ; Suomijaervi, T. [7] ; Supanitsky, A. D. [67] ; Sutherland, M. S. [11] ; Swain, J. [101] ; Szadkowski, Z. [86] ; Taborda, O. A. [9, 10] ; Tapia, A. [12] ; Tepe, A. [1] ; Theodoro, V. M. [58] ; Timmermans, C. [19, 69] ; Todero Peixoto, C. J. [108] ; Toma, G. [46] ; Tomankova, L. [41] ; Tome, B. [2, 3] ; Tonachini, A. [36, 56] ; Torralba Elipe, G. [15] ; Torres Machado, D. [43] ; Travnicek, P. [38] ; Trini, M. [79] ; Ulrich, R. [41] ; Unger, M. [30, 41] ; Urban, M. [47] ; Valdes Galicia, J. F. ; Valino, I. [15] ; Valore, L. [17, 18] ; van Aar, G. [19] ; van Bodegom, P. [34] ; van den Berg, A. M. [75] ; van Velzen, S. [19] ; van Vliet, A. [19] ; Varela, E. [93] ; Vargas Cardenas, B. [14] ; Varner, G. [87] ; Vasquez, R. [43] ; Vazquez, J. R. [23] ; Vazquez, R. A. [15] ; Veberic, D. [41] ; Verzi, V. [53, 54] ; Vicha, J. [38] ; Videla, M. [12] ; Villasenor, L. [57] ; Vlcek, B. [71] ; Vorobiov, S. [79] ; Wahlberg, H. [76, 77] ; Wainbereg, . [12, 13] ; Walz, D. [47] ; Watson, A. A. [109] ; Weber, M. [85] ; Weidenhaupt, K. [47] ; Weindl, A. [41] ; Werner, F. [32] ; Widom, A. [101] ; Wiencke, L. [90] ; Wilczynski, H. [44] ; Winchen, T. [33] ; Wittkowski, D. [33] ; Wundheiler, B. [12] ; Wykes, S. [19] ; Yang, L. [79] ; Yapici, T. [72] ; Yushkov, A. [1] ; Zas, E. [15] ; Zavrtanik, D. [80, 79] ; Zavrtanik, M. [80, 79] ; Zepeda, A. [94] ; Zimmermann, B. [85] ; Ziolkowski, M. [1] ; Zuccarello, F. [20, 21] ; Collaboration, Pierre Auger
Total Authors: 453
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Siegen, Fachbereich Phys Expt Teilchenphys 7, Siegen - Germany
[2] Univ Lisbon, Lab Instrumentacao & Fis Expt Particulas LIP, Lisbon - Portugal
[3] Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Lisbon - Portugal
[4] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Torino, Turin - Italy
[5] Osserv Astron Torino, INAF, Turin - Italy
[6] Fermilab Natl Accelerator Lab, Batavia, IL - USA
[7] Univ Paris 11, Inst Phys Nucl Orsay, CNRS IN2P3, Orsay - France
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, CP 20516, BR-01498 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[9] Ctr Atom Bariloche, San Carlos de Bariloche - Argentina
[10] Inst Balseiro CNEA UNCuyo CONICET, San Carlos De Bariloche - Spain
[11] Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[12] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Tecnol Detecc & Astroparticulas, CNEA, UNSAM, RA-1033 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[13] Univ Tecnolog Nacl Buenos Aires, Fac Reg Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[14] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Mexico City 04510, DF - Mexico
[15] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela - Spain
[16] Univ Hamburg, Inst Theoret Phys 2, Luruper Chaussee 149, Hamburg - Germany
[17] Univ Naples Federico II, Naples - Italy
[18] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Naples - Italy
[19] Radboud Univ Nijmegen, IMAPP, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen - Netherlands
[20] Univ Catania, Catania - Italy
[21] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Catania - Italy
[22] CUNY, Lehman Coll, Dept Phys & Astron, Bronx, NY - USA
[23] Univ Complutense, E-28040 Madrid - Spain
[24] Univ Bucharest, Dept Phys, Bucharest - Romania
[25] Univ Ind Santander, Bucaramanga - Colombia
[26] Univ Paris 06, Lab Phys Nucl & Hautes Energies, Paris - France
[27] Univ Paris 07, CNRS IN2P3, Paris - France
[28] Observ Pierre Auger, Malargue - Argentina
[29] Comis Nacl Energia Atom, Malargue - Argentina
[30] NYU, New York, NY - USA
[31] Univ Politeh Bucharest, Bucharest - Romania
[32] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Expt Kernphys, Campus South, D-76021 Karlsruhe - Germany
[33] Berg Univ Wuppertal, Fachbereich C Phys, Wuppertal - Germany
[34] Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA - Australia
[35] Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Phys Subatom & Cosmol, CNRS IN2P3, Grenoble - France
[36] Univ Turin, Turin - Italy
[37] Max Planck Inst Radioastron, Hugel 69, D-53121 Bonn - Germany
[38] Acad Sci Czech Republic, Inst Phys, Prague - Czech Republic
[39] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lecce - Italy
[40] E De Giorgi Univ Salento, Dipartimento Matemat & Fis, Lecce - Italy
[41] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Kernphys, Campus North, D-76021 Karlsruhe - Germany
[42] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, Laquila - Italy
[43] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Fis, BR-21941 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[44] Inst Nucl Phys PAN, Krakow - Poland
[45] Colorado State Univ, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[46] Horia Hulubei Natl Inst Phys & Nucl Engn, Bucharest 077125 - Romania
[47] Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, Aachen - Germany
[48] Univ Granada, Granada - Spain
[49] CAFPE, Granada - Spain
[50] Univ Autonoma Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas - Mexico
[51] Univ Milan, Milan - Italy
[52] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan - Italy
[53] Univ Roma Tor Vergata, I-00173 Rome - Italy
[54] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Rome - Italy
[55] Inst Space Sci, Bucharest - Romania
[56] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Turin - Italy
[57] Univ Michoacana San Nicolcis Hidalgo, Morelia, Michoacan - Mexico
[58] Univ Estadual Campinas, IFGW, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[59] Penn State Univ, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[60] Univ Paris 11, Lab Accelerateur Lineaire, CNRS IN2P3, Orsay - France
[61] Case Western Reserve Univ, Cleveland, OH 44106 - USA
[62] Univ Chicago, Enrico Fermi Inst, 5640 S Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 - USA
[63] Univ Nantes, SUBATECH, Ecole Mines Nantes, CNRS IN2P3, Nantes - France
[64] Observ Paris, CNRS INSU, Stn Radioastron Nancay, Nancay - France
[65] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, RA-1033 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[66] Univ Buenos Aires, Dept Fis, FCEyN, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[67] IAFE CONICET UBA, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[68] Univ Fed Fluminense, EEIMVR, Volta Redonda, RJ - Brazil
[69] Nikhef, Sci Pk, Amsterdam - Netherlands
[70] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[71] Univ Alcala De Henares, Madrid - Spain
[72] Michigan Technol Univ, Houghton, MI 49931 - USA
[73] Univ Aquila, Dipartimento Sci Fis & Chim, I-67100 Laquila - Italy
[74] Sezione Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Laquila - Italy
[75] Univ Groningen, KVI Ctr Adv Radiat Technol, Groningen - Netherlands
[76] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, La Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
[77] Univ Nacl La Plata, IFLP, RA-1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
[78] ASTRON, Dwingeloo - Netherlands
[79] Univ Nova Gor, Lab Astroparticle Phys, Nova Gorica - Slovenia
[80] J Stefan Inst, Expt Particle Phys Dept, Ljubljana - Slovenia
[81] UNR, Fac Ciencias Bioquim & Farmaceut, Rosario - Argentina
[82] CONICET UNR, Inst Fis Rosario IFIR, Rosario - Argentina
[83] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, CNEA, UNSAM, Inst Tecnol Detecc & Astroparticulas, Mendoza - Argentina
[84] Univ Tecnol Nacl Mendoza, Fac Reg Mendoza, CONICET CNEA, Mendoza - Argentina
[85] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Prozessdatenverarbeitung & Elektr IEKP, D-76021 Karlsruhe - Germany
[86] Univ Lodz, PL-90131 Lodz - Poland
[87] Univ Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 - USA
[88] Univ Estadual Feira de Santana, Feira De Santana - Brazil
[89] Palacky Univ, RCPTM, CR-77147 Olomouc - Czech Republic
[90] Colorado Sch Mines, Golden, CO 80401 - USA
[91] Univ New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 - USA
[92] Univ Fed ABC, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[93] Benemerita Univ Autonoma Puebla, Puebla - Mexico
[94] CINVESTAV, Ctr Invest & Estudios Avanzados, IPN, Mexico City 14000, DF - Mexico
[95] Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[96] Ctr Brasileiro Pesquisas Fis, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[97] Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, RS - Brazil
[98] Charles Univ Prague, Fac Math & Phys, Inst Particle & Nucl Phys, Prague - Czech Republic
[99] CITEDEF, Ctr Invest Lciseres & Aplicac, Villa Martelli - Argentina
[100] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Villa Martelli - Argentina
[101] Northeastern Univ, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[102] Inst Politecn Nacl, Unidad Profes Interdisciplinaria Ingn & Tecnol Av, Mexico City, DF - Mexico
[103] Univ Fed Bahia, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[104] Univ Nebraska, Lincoln, NE - USA
[105] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Gran Sasso Sci Inst, Laquila - Italy
[106] Vrije Univ Brussels, Brussels - Belgium
[107] Ist Astrofis Spaziale & Fis Cosm Palermo INAF, Palermo - Italy
[108] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, Lorena, SP - Brazil
[109] Univ Leeds, Sch Phys & Astron, Leeds, W Yorkshire - England
Total Affiliations: 109
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Instrumentation; v. 11, FEB 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

AMIGA (Auger Muons and Infill for the Ground Array) is an upgrade of the Pierre Auger Observatory to extend its range of detection and to directly measure the muon content of the particle showers. It consists of an infill of surface water-Cherenkov detectors accompanied by buried scintillator detectors used for muon counting. The main objectives of the AMIGA engineering array, referred to as the Unitary Cell, are to identify and resolve all engineering issues as well as to understand the muon-number counting uncertainties related to the design of the detector. The mechanical design, fabrication and deployment processes of the muon counters of the Unitary Cell are described in this document. These muon counters modules comprise sealed PVC casings containing plastic scintillation bars, wavelength-shifter optical fibers, 64 pixel photomultiplier tubes, and acquisition electronics. The modules are buried approximately 2.25 m below ground level in order to minimize contamination from electromagnetic shower particles. The mechanical setup, which allows access to the electronics for maintenance, is also described in addition to tests of the modules' response and integrity. The completed Unitary Cell has measured a number of air showers of which a first analysis of a sample event is included here. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/07359-6 - Study of cosmic rays of highest energies with the Pierre Auger Observatory
Grantee:Carola Dobrigkeit Chinellato
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 99/05404-3 - Pierre Auger Observatory
Grantee:Carlos Ourivio Escobar
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants