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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biomass yield, macronutrient diagnosis, and nitrogen and calcium uptake during early growth of physic nut

Full text
Author(s):
Raphael Florencio Garrone ; Aline Grella de Campos ; Cristiane Prezotto Silveira ; José Lavres Junior
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Rev. Ciênc. Agron.; v. 47, n. 1, p. 22-31, Mar. 2016.
Abstract

ABSTRACT Higher nitrogen (N) and calcium (Ca) requirements than other macronutrients in Euphorbiaceous species have been pointed out in the literature. Thus, the objective of this work was evaluate the effects of N and Ca combination rates on the visual deficiencies of both nutrients, on the macronutrient status, chlorophyll content and nitrate reductase activity (RNO3-) taken on the recent expanded leaves of Jatropha curcas, as well as to evaluate N and Ca uptake and biomass yield during early plant growth, subjected to 2; 9; 16; 23 e 30 mmol L-1 N rates and 0.5; 1.75; 3.0; 4.25 e 5.5 mmol L-1 Ca rates, in the nutrient solution. Nitrogen, Ca and K concentrations on the recent expanded leaves were changed by N and Ca rates, whereas leaf-Mg concentrations ranged only by Ca supply. Increasing N and Ca rates in solution led to increased leaf area and the leaf biomass yield by 400% and 245%, respectively. On average, N and Ca taken up on leaves accounted for 29% and 39% of the plant uptake. Biomass yield is directly related to RNO3 - activity and chlorophyll content, and the range of N concentration in these leaves related to highest plant dry matter production is 43-45 g kg-1. In conclusion, N supply causes greater impact on the plant biomass yield; however, the effects are more relevant with increased Ca uptake. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/12411-7 - Visual and nutritional diagnosis and biochemical assays in physic nuts as related to macronutrient deficiencies
Grantee:Raphael Florencio Garrone
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation