Advanced search
Start date

Molecular diversity of Nsp2 and Papain-like protease and S1 structural protein coding genes in Brazilian isolates of Avian coronavirus

Full text
Giselle Ayres Razera Rossa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Paulo Eduardo Brandão; Clarice Weis Arns; Ana Marcia de Sá Guimarães; Leonardo José Richtzenhain; Rodrigo Martins Soares
Advisor: Paulo Eduardo Brandão

Coronaviruses, including Avian coronavirus (ACoV), have the largest known RNA genome. Nearly two thirds of its genome codes for non-structural proteins (Nsps), whose functions appear to be linked to viral replication and pathogenesis. Hitherto these targets have been poorly explored regarding the ACoV lineages diversity. The present study aimed to assess the diversity of non-structural protein 2 (nsp2), papain-like protease (plpro) and spike protein (S1 subunit) coding genes, in Brazilian ACoV strains. To this end, 10 ACoV strains, isolated in embryonated eggs, had its 3rd and 5th passages submitted to RT-PCR targeting nsp2, plpro and s1, followed by DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis, herewith homologous sequences obtained from GenBank. Three of the ACoV strains sequenced showed a discordant segregation pattern for target genes. CRG I22 strain clustered with Massachusetts genotipe strains for S1, and with Brazilian cluster for nsp3 and plpro genes. CRG I33 strain, clustered with Brazilian strains for S1 and plpro genes, and was divergent for nsp2 gene. For CRG I38 strain, the S1 sequence was not obtained, however, similarly to what was observed for CRG I33, this strain grouped with the Brazilian lineage for plpro gene and was divergent for nsp2 gene. All the other ACoV here sequenced resulted in a specific Brazilian cluster for the three studied genes. Regarding the mean nucleotide identities measured, s1 gene showed the lowest identity (73.75% ±16.78), followed by plpro gene (88.06% ±5.7) and nsp2 gene (92.28% ±4.37), in accordance with previous reported data. Therefore, the targets of the present study are useful tools for ACoV molecular epidemiology studies and for the survey of recombinant ACoV strains. The presented study is the first one investigating the molecular diversity of non-structural proteins coding genes in Brazilian strains of ACoV. Results achieved herein reinforce the data over the circulation of ACoV Brazilian strains in this country, for the three investigated genes. However, divergences found between S1, nsp2 and plpro genetic patters allow inferring a higher molecular diversity than previously known. It is possible that this divergence is due to recombination events between ACoV from vaccines, Brazilian field strains and others still unknown. These results contribute on the comprehension over genetic patters and evolution of ACoV (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00874-5 - Molecular diversity of NSP2 and papain-like protease non-structural protein genes gene in Brazilian strains of infectious bronchitis virus
Grantee:Giselle Ayres Razera Rossa
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate