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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Relationships between static foot alignment and dynamic plantar loads in runners with acute and chronic stages of plantar fasciitis: a cross-sectional study

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Author(s):
Ribeiro, Ana P. [1, 2] ; Sacco, Isabel C. N. [1] ; Dinato, Roberto C. [1] ; Joao, Silvia M. A. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Fisioterapia Fonoaudiol & Terapia Ocupac, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Santo Amaro Unisa, Fac Med, Dept Fisioterapia, Posgrad Ciencias Saude, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY; v. 20, n. 1, p. 87-95, JAN-FEB 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Background: The risk factors for the development of plantar fasciitis (PF) have been associated with the medial longitudinal arch (MLA), rearfoot alignment and calcaneal overload. However, the relationships between the biomechanical variables have yet to be determined. Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the relationships between the MLA, rearfoot alignment, and dynamic plantar loads in runners with unilateral PF in acute and chronic phases. Method: Cross-sectional study which thirty-five runners with unilateral PF were evaluated: 20 in the acute phase (with pain) and 15 with previous chronic PF (without pain). The MLA index and rearfoot alignment were calculated using digital images. The contact area, maximum force, peak pressure, and force-time integral over three plantar areas were acquired with Pedar X insoles while running at 12 km/h, and the loading rates were calculated from the vertical forces. Results: The multiple regression analyses indicated that both the force-time integral (R-2=0.15 for acute phase PF; R-2=0.17 for chronic PF) and maximum force (R-2=0.35 for chronic PF) over the forefoot were predicted by an elevated MLA index. The rearfoot valgus alignment predicted the maximum force over the rearfoot in both PF groups: acute (R-2=0.18) and chronic (R-2=0.45). The rearfoot valgus alignment also predicted higher loading rates in the PF groups: acute (R-2=0.19) and chronic (R-2=0.40). Conclusion: The MLA index and the rearfoot alignment were good predictors of plantar loads over the forefoot and rearfoot areas in runners with PF. However, rearfoot valgus was demonstrated to be an important clinical measure, since it was able to predict the maximum force and both loading rates over the rearfoot. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03069-6 - Effect of the chronic use of a flexible and non-heeled shoes on the clinical and kinetic gait characteristics in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis
Grantee:Mariane Yokota
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 15/20042-5 - Dynamic Patterns of Forces and Loading Rate in Runners with Unilateral Plantar Fasciitis: A Cross-Sectional Study
Grantee:Ana Paula Ribeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants - Publications - Scientific article
FAPESP's process: 10/14044-1 - Influence of the sport shoe construction in the lower limbs biomechanics during running.
Grantee:Roberto Casanova Dinato
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master