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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spatial distribution and enrichment assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments from Baixada Santista, Southeastern Brazil

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Author(s):
Kim, Bianca Sung Mi [1] ; Salaroli, Alexandre Barbosa [1] ; Ferreira, Paulo Alves de Lima [1] ; Sartoretto, Julie Rosemberg [1] ; de Mahiques, Michel Michaelovich [1] ; Lopes Figueira, Rubens Cesar [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Pca Oceanog, 191 Butanta, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin; v. 103, n. 1-2, p. 333-338, FEB 15 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 23
Abstract

The Baixada Santista, besides being an important estuarine system, is responsible for most of the international trade and economic development in the region because of the Santos Port and the Cubatao Industrial Complex. The aim of this study is to assess heavy metal contamination of the Santos Sao Vicente Estuary using enrichment factors (EFs) and sediment quality guidelines (SQGs). Thus, superficial sediment samples were subjected to acid digestion and analyzed (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sc, V, and Zn) by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results indicated an absence of contamination, with the EFs indicating moderate enrichment. As and Pb presented higher enrichment probably due to the natural processes of weathering and sedimentation, and the influence of human activity. This conjoint analysis showed that potentially polluting activities are of concern as the highest values converge near the Cubatao Industrial Complex, which correspond to intense urbanization and industrial activity. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/01211-0 - Historical of anthropic activity in Bertioga Channel, Sao Paulo, Brazil: levels of metals, semi-metals and recent sedimentation in sedimentary columns
Grantee:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50581-4 - Susceptibility and resilience of urban estuarine systems to global changes: hydro-sedimentologic budget; sea-level rise; response to extreme events
Grantee:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants