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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Brittle grain-size reduction of feldspar, phase mixing and strain localization in granitoids at mid-crustal conditions (Pernambuco shear zone, NE Brazil)

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Author(s):
Viegas, Gustavo [1, 2] ; Menegon, Luca [1] ; Archanjo, Carlos [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Plymouth, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon - England
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOLID EARTH; v. 7, n. 2, p. 375-396, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 25
Abstract

The Pernambuco shear zone (northeastern Brazil) is a large-scale strike-slip fault that, in its eastern segment, deforms granitoids at mid-crustal conditions. Initially coarse-grained (> 50 mu m) feldspar porphyroclasts are intensively fractured and reduced to an ultrafine-grained mixture consisting of plagioclase and K-feldspar grains (< 15 mu m) localized in C' shear bands. Detailed microstructural observations and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis do not show evidence of intracrystalline plasticity in feldspar porphyroclasts and/or fluid-assisted replacement reactions. Quartz occurs either as thick (similar to 1-2 mm) monomineralic veins transposed along the shear zone foliation or as thin ribbons (<= 25 mu m width) dispersed in the feldspathic mixture. The microstructure and c axis crystallographic-preferred orientation are similar in the thick monomineralic veins and in the thin ribbons, and they suggest dominant subgrain rotation recrystallization and activity of prism < a > and rhomb < a > slip systems. However, the grain size in monophase recrystallized domains decreases when moving from the quartz monomineralic veins to the thin ribbons embedded in the feldspathic C' bands (14 mu m vs. 5 mu m respectively). The fine-grained feldspar mixture has a weak crystallographic-preferred orientation interpreted as the result of shear zone parallel-oriented growth during diffusion creep, as well as the same composition as the fractured porphyroclasts, suggesting that it generated by mechanical fragmentation of rigid porphyroclasts with a negligible role of chemical disequilibrium. Once C' shear bands were generated and underwent viscous deformation at constant stress conditions, the polyphase feldspathic aggregate would have deformed at a strain rate 1 order of magnitude faster than the monophase quartz monomineralic veins, as evidenced by applying experimentally and theoretically calibrated flow laws for dislocation creep in quartz and diffusion creep in feldspar. Overall, our data set indicates that feldspar underwent a brittle-viscous transition while quartz was deforming via crystal plasticity. The resulting rock microstructure consists of a two-phase rheological mixture (fine-grained feldspars and recrystallized quartz) in which the polyphase feldspathic material localized much of the strain. Extensive grain-size reduction and weakening of feldspars is attained in the East Pernambuco mylonites mainly via fracturing which would trigger a switch to diffusion creep and strain localization without a prominent role of metamorphic reactions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11866-9 - Strain localization in the Pernambuco shear zone (Borborema Province, NE Brazil): Implications for the rheology of the continental crust
Grantee:Luís Gustavo Ferreira Viegas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/01114-2 - Strain localization at the frictional-viscous transition in the middle crust: examples from the Pernambuco shear zone (Borborema Province, NE Brazil)
Grantee:Luís Gustavo Ferreira Viegas
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor