Fook-Alves, Veruska L.
de Oliveira, Mariana Bleker
Zanatta, Daniela B.
Strauss, Bryan E.
Colleoni, Gisele W. B.
Total Authors: 5
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Disciplina Hematol & Hemoterapia, Dept Oncol Clin & Expt, UNIFESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Canc Estado Sao Paulo, Ctr Invest Translac Oncol LIM24, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE;
Web of Science Citations:
Background: TP53 Regulated Inhibitor of Apoptosis 1 (TRIAP1) modulates apoptotic pathways preventing the formation of the apoptosome complex. Our group previous study showed that 90% of patients' multiple myeloma (MM) marrow-derived plasma cells present TRIAP1 overexpression as compared to normal plasma cells. Due to high prevalence and lack of information on TRIAP1's role in MM biology, we decided to explore the impact of TRAIP1 through stable gene silencing in MM cell lines and its effect on cell cycle and apoptosis. Methods: TRIAP1 expression was examined in MM cell lines by quantitative real time PCR. Cell lines were submitted to transduction with lentiviral vector encoding a TRIAP1-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and, as control, encoding a non-targeting shRNA (scramble). Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry with annexin V and propidium iodide staining (the later also used for cell cycle), APAF1 and Caspase 9 apoptosome related genes expression and Caspase 9 and Caspase 3/7 activity. Results: RPMI8226 and U266 cell lines were chosen for transduction experiments since they present higher levels of TRIAP1 expression. Inhibition of TRIAP1 in RPMI8226 cells increased the percentage of apoptotic cells, accompanied by increased expression of APAF1 and Caspase 9, and Caspase 9 and Caspase 3/7 activity. Transduced U266 cell line did not show sustained inhibition of TRIAP1 expression nor apoptosis induction. Conclusion: Stable silencing of TRIAP1 induces late apoptosis through APAF1/Caspase 9 pathway at least in RPMI8226 cell line, suggesting that it could be exploited as a potential target at least for a subgroup of MM patients. General significance: In the present study, we demonstrated effects of TRIAP1 silencing on RPMI8226 MM cell line and established its mechanism mediated through APAF1 and Caspase 9. No relevant effect was found after gene silencing in U266 cell line. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)