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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soil carbon changes in areas undergoing expansion of sugarcane into pastures in south-central Brazil

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Author(s):
da Silva Oliveira, Dener Marcio [1, 2] ; Paustian, Keith [2, 3] ; Davies, Christian Andrew [4] ; Cherubin, Mauricio Roberto [5] ; Franco, Andre Luiz Custodio [6] ; Cerri, Carlos Clemente [5] ; Pellegrino Cerri, Carlos Eduardo [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Colorado State Univ, Nat Resource Ecol Lab, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[3] Colorado State Univ, Dept Soil & Crop Sci, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[4] Shell Technol Ctr Houston, Houston, TX 77082 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] Colorado State Univ, Dept Biol, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT; v. 228, p. 38-48, JUL 15 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 12
Abstract

In Brazil, sugarcane expansion for ethanol production has been predominantly on areas previously used as pasture. Losses of C and N induced by land use change raise controversies about the environmental suitability of biofuel production. Therefore, we conducted a field study within the largest sugarcane producing region of Brazil to evaluate the effects of the primary land use change (LUC) sequence in sugarcane expansion areas (i.e., native vegetation to pasture to sugarcane), on C and N dynamics in the top 1 m soil layer. The LUC sequences caused substantial but varying changes in soil C and N stocks in areas undergoing expansion of sugarcane in south-central Brazil. The increase of C stocks in areas converted from pasture to sugarcane cultivation was 1.97 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1), in contrast to conversion of native vegetation to pasture, which decreased soil C stocks by 1.01 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1) for 0-1.0 m soil layer. The use of C-13 measurements to partition soil C sources showed that the greater C stocks in sugarcane areas compared to pasture was due to retention of the native-C stocks and increased accrual of modern-C comparing to pasture. Finally, the inclusion of deeper soil layers, at least down to 1.0 m depth, is essential to assess the impacts of LUC on C balances in agricultural areas. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/14122-6 - ESTIMATING SOIL CARBON CHANGES REGARDING SUGARCANE EXPANSION INTO PASTURES IN BRAZIL
Grantee:Dener Márcio da Silva Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/17581-6 - SOIL QUALITY IN AREAS OF LAND USE CHANGE FOR SUGARCANE CULTIVATION IN SOUTH-CENTER OF BRAZIL - data for the evaluation of environmental sustainability of ethanol
Grantee:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/16612-8 - Soil quality indicator response to land use change
Grantee:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/08632-9 - Soil organic matter in land use change areas under sugarcane cultivation in south central region of Brazil
Grantee:Dener Márcio da Silva Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate