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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of different anesthetic agents on left ventricular systolic function assessed by echocardiography in hamsters

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Tanaka, D. M. ; Romano, M. M. D. ; Carvalho, E. E. V. ; Oliveira, L. F. L. ; Souza, H. C. D. ; Maciel, B. C. ; Salgado, H. C. ; Fazan-Junior, R. ; Simoes, M. V.
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 49, n. 10 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Determination of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) using in vivo imaging is the cardiac functional parameter most frequently employed in preclinical research. However, there is considerable conflict regarding the effects of anesthetic agents on LVEF. This study aimed at assessing the effects of various anesthetic agents on LVEF in hamsters using transthoracic echocardiography. Twelve female hamsters were submitted to echocardiography imaging separated by 1-week intervals under the following conditions: 1) conscious animals, 2) animals anesthetized with isoflurane (inhaled ISO, 3 L/min), 3) animals anesthetized with thiopental (TP, 50 mg/kg, intraperitoneal), and 4) animals anesthetized with 100 mg/kg ketamine plus 10 mg/kg xylazine injected intramuscularly (K/X). LVEF obtained under the effect of anesthetics (ISO=62.2 +/- 3.1%, TP=66.2 +/- 2.7% and K/X=75.8 +/- 1.6%) was significantly lower than that obtained in conscious animals (87.5 +/- 1.7%, P<0.0001). The K/X combination elicited significantly higher LVEF values compared to ISO (P<0.001) and TP (P<0.05). K/X was associated with a lower dispersion of individual LVEF values compared to the other anesthetics. Under K/X, the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVdD) was increased (0.60 +/- 0.01 cm) compared to conscious animals (0.41 +/- 0.02 cm), ISO (0.51 +/- 0.02 cm), and TP (0.55 +/- 0.01 cm), P<0.0001. The heart rate observed with K/X was significantly lower than in the remaining conditions. These results indicate that the K/X combination may be the best anesthetic option for the in vivo assessment of cardiac systolic function in hamsters, being associated with a lower LVEF reduction compared to the other agents and showing values closer to those of conscious animals with a lower dispersion of results. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/07722-4 - Study of the effects of a coronary microcirculation vasodilator drug on the myocardial perfusion and left ventricular dysfunction in a model of chronic chagas cardiomyopathy in hamsters
Grantee:Denise Mayumi Tanaka
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master