Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Equatorial Pacific forcing of western Amazonian precipitation during Heinrich Stadial 1

Full text
Author(s):
Show less -
Zhang, Yancheng ; Zhang, Xu ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. ; Mulitza, Stefan ; Zhang, Xiao ; Lohmann, Gerrit ; Prange, Matthias ; Behling, Hermann ; Zabel, Matthias ; Govin, Aline ; Sawakuchi, Andr O. ; Cruz, Francisco W. ; Wefer, Gerold
Total Authors: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 6, OCT 25 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Abundant hydroclimatic evidence from western Amazonia and the adjacent Andes documents wet conditions during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1, 18-15 ka), a cold period in the high latitudes of the North Atlantic. This precipitation anomaly was attributed to a strengthening of the South American summer monsoon due to a change in the Atlantic interhemispheric sea surface temperature (SST) gradient. However, the physical viability of this mechanism has never been rigorously tested. We address this issue by combining a thorough compilation of tropical South American paleorecords and a set of atmosphere model sensitivity experiments. Our results show that the Atlantic SST variations alone, although leading to dry conditions in northern South America and wet conditions in northeastern Brazil, cannot produce increased precipitation over western Amazonia and the adjacent Andes during HS1. Instead, an eastern equatorial Pacific SST increase (i.e., 0.5-1.5 degrees C), in response to the slowdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during HS1, is crucial to generate the wet conditions in these regions. The mechanism works via anomalous low sea level pressure over the eastern equatorial Pacific, which promotes a regional easterly low-level wind anomaly and moisture recycling from central Amazonia towards the Andes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/06609-1 - Provenance, transport and storage of sediments in Amazon rivers
Grantee:André Oliveira Sawakuchi
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/17517-3 - Response of the Western Atlantic Ocean to changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: from millennial to seasonal variability
Grantee:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Young Investigators