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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

CovR Regulates Streptococcus mutans Susceptibility To Complement Immunity and Survival in Blood

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Author(s):
Alves, Livia A. ; Nomura, Ryota ; Mariano, Flvia S. ; Harth-Chu, Erika N. ; Stipp, Rafael N. ; Nakano, Kazuhiko ; Mattos-Graner, Renata O.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Infection and Immunity; v. 84, n. 11, p. 3206-3219, NOV 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

Streptococcus mutans, a major pathogen of dental caries, may promote systemic infections after accessing the bloodstream from oral niches. In this study, we investigate pathways of complement immunity against S. mutans and show that the orphan regulator CovR (CovR(Sm)) modulates susceptibility to complement opsonization and survival in blood. S. mutans blood isolates showed reduced susceptibility to C3b deposition compared to oral isolates. Reduced expression of covRSm in blood strains was associated with increased transcription of CovR(Sm)-repressed genes required for S. mutans interactions with glucans (gbpC, gbpB, and epsC), sucrose-derived exopolysaccharides (EPS). Consistently, blood strains showed an increased capacity to bind glucan in vitro. Deletion of covR(Sm) in strain UA159 (UAcov) impaired C3b deposition and binding to serum IgG and C-reactive protein (CRP) as well as phagocytosis through C3b/iC3b receptors and killing by neutrophils. Opposite effects were observed in mutants of gbpC, epsC, or gtfBCD (required for glucan synthesis). C3b deposition on UA159 was abolished in C1q-depleted serum, implying that the classical pathway is essential for complement activation on S. mutans. Growth in sucrose-containing medium impaired the binding of C3b and IgG to UA159, UAcov, and blood isolates but had absent or reduced effects on C3b deposition in gtfBCD, gbpC, and epsC mutants. UAcov further showed increased ex vivo survival in human blood in an EPS-dependent way. Consistently, reduced survival was observed for the gbpC and epsC mutants. Finally, UAcov showed an increased ability to cause bacteremia in a rat model. These results reveal that CovRSm modulates systemic virulence by regulating functions affecting S. mutans susceptibility to complement opsonization. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/12940-3 - Identification of surface proteins of Streptococcus mutans involved in evasion of opsonization by the complement system
Grantee:Renata de Oliveira Mattos Graner
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/50547-0 - Characterization of GbpB/PcsB homologues in commensal species of oral streptococci
Grantee:Erika Nikitza Shiauha Harth Chu
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/07237-1 - Identification of surface proteins of Streptococcus mutans involved in the scape to opsonization by the complement system
Grantee:Lívia Araújo Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/04222-5 - Analysis of the roles of the transcriptional regulators VicRK and CovR in the susceptibility of Streptococcus mutans to opsonization by the complement system.
Grantee:Lívia Araújo Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master