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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Multi-level biological responses in Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Brachyura, Ucididae) as indicators of conservation status in mangrove areas from the western atlantic

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de Almeida Duarte, Luis Felipe ; de Souza, Caroline Araujo ; Nobre, Caio Rodrigues ; Seabra Pereira, Carrillo Dias ; Amaro Pinheiro, Marcelo Antonio
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 7

There is a global lack of knowledge on tropical ecotoxicology, particularly in terms of mangrove areas. These areas often serve as nurseries or homes for several animal species, including Ucides cordatus (the uca crab). This species is widely distributed, is part of the diet of human coastal communities, and is considered to be a sentinel species due to its sensitivity to toxic xenobiotics in natural environments. Sublethal damages to benthic populations reveal pre-pathological conditions, but discussions of the implications are scarce in the literature. In Brazil, the state of Sao Paulo offers an interesting scenario for ecotoxicology and population studies: it is easy to distinguish between mangroves that are well preserved and those which are significantly impacted by human activity. The objectives of this study were to provide the normal baseline values for the frequency of Micronucleated cells (MN parts per thousand) and for neutral red retention time (NRRT) in U. cordatus at pristine locations, as well to indicate the conservation status of different mangrove areas using a multi-level biological response approach in which these biomarkers and population indicators (condition factor and crab density) are applied in relation to environmental quality indicators (determined via information in the literature and solid waste volume). A mangrove area with no effects of impact (areas of reference or pristine areas) presented a mean value of MN parts per thousand < 3 and NRRT > 120 min, values which were assumed as baseline values representing genetic and physiological normality. A significant correlation was found between NRRT and MN, with both showing similar and effective results for distinguishing between different mangrove areas according to conservation status. Furthermore, crab density was lower in more impacted mangrove areas, a finding which also reflects the effects of sublethal damage; this finding was not determined by condition factor measurements. Multi-level biological responses were able to reflect the conservation status of the mangrove areas studied using information on guideline values of MN parts per thousand, NRRT, and density of the uca crab in order to categorize three levels of human impacts in mangrove areas: PNI (probable null impact); PLI (probable low impact); and PHI (probable high impact). Results confirm the success of U. cordatus species' multilevel biological responses in diagnosing threats to mangrove areas. Therefore, this species represents an effective tool in studies on mangrove conservation statuses in the Western Atlantic. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/14725-1 - Project Uçá III - Genotoxic impact on population of uçá-crab, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae): evaluation and correlation with of heavy metal concentration in five mangroves of the São Paulo State
Grantee:Marcelo Antonio Amaro Pinheiro
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/01552-9 - Genotoxic impact on populations of the crab, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae), in five mangrove areas at São Paulo State, Brazil.
Grantee:Luis Felipe de Almeida Duarte
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate