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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors in the retrotrapezoid nucleus differentially regulate breathing in anesthetized adult rats

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Oliveira, Luiz M. ; Moreira, Thiago S. ; Kuo, Fu-Shan ; Mulkey, Daniel K. ; Takakura, Ana C.
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Neurophysiology; v. 116, n. 3, p. 1036-1048, SEP 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Norepinephrine (NE) is a potent modulator of breathing that can increase/decrease respiratory activity by alpha(1)-/alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor (AR) activation, respectively. The retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) is known to contribute to central chemoreception, inspiration, and active expiration. Here we investigate the sources of catecholaminergic inputs to the RTN and identify respiratory effects produced by activation of ARs in this region. By injecting the retrograde tracer Fluoro-Gold into the RTN, we identified back-labeled catecholaminergic neurons in the A7 region. In urethane-anesthetized, vagotomized, and artificially ventilated male Wistar rats unilateral injection of NE or moxonidine (alpha(2)-AR agonist) blunted diaphragm muscle activity (Dia EMG) frequency and amplitude, without changing abdominal muscle activity. Those inhibitory effects were reduced by preapplication of yohimbine (alpha(2)-AR antagonist) into the RTN. Conversely, unilateral RTN injection of phenylephrine (alpha(1)-AR agonist) increased Dia EMG amplitude and frequency and facilitated active expiration. This response was blocked by prior RTN injection of prazosin (alpha(1)-AR antagonist). Interestingly, RTN injection of propranolol (beta-AR antagonist) had no effect on respiratory inhibition elicited by applications of NE into the RTN; however, the combined blockade of alpha(2)- and beta-ARs (coapplication of propranolol and yohimbine) revealed an alpha(1)-AR-dependent excitatory response to NE that resulted in increase in Dia EMG frequency and facilitation of active expiration. However, blockade of alpha(1)-, alpha(2)-, or beta-ARs in the RTN had minimal effect on baseline respiratory activity, on central or peripheral chemoreflexes. These results suggest that NE signaling can modulate RTN chemoreceptor function; however, endogenous NE signaling does not contribute to baseline breathing or the ventilatory response to central or peripheral chemoreceptor activity in urethane-anesthetized rats. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/26540-1 - Noradrenergic mechanisms in the retrotrapezoid nucleus in the control of chemoreception
Grantee:Luiz Marcelo Oliveira Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/10573-8 - Ventral surface chemoreceptor neuronal mechanisms
Grantee:Thiago dos Santos Moreira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/22406-1 - Respiratory anatomofunctional changes observed in an experimental model of Parkinson Disease
Grantee:Ana Carolina Thomaz Takakura
Support type: Regular Research Grants