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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Highlighting Astyanax Species Diversity through DNA Barcoding

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Author(s):
Rossini, Bruno Cesar ; Miranda Oliveira, Carlos Alexandre ; Goncalves de Melo, Filipe Augusto ; Bertaco, Vinicius de Araujo ; Diaz de Astarloa, Juan M. ; Rosso, Juan J. ; Foresti, Fausto ; Oliveira, Claudio
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 11, n. 12 DEC 19 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 26
Abstract

DNA barcoding has been used extensively to solve taxonomic questions and identify new species. Neotropical fishes are found in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, with a large number of species yet to be described, many of which are very difficult to identify. Characidae is the most species-rich family of the Characiformes, and many of its genera are affected by taxonomic uncertainties, including the widely-distributed, species-rich genus Astyanax. In this study, we present an extensive analysis of Astyanax covering almost its entire area of occurrence, based on DNA barcoding. The use of different approaches (ABGD, GMYC and BIN) to the clustering of the sequences revealed ample consistency in the results obtained by the initial cutoff value of 2% divergence for putative species in the Neighbor-Joining analysis using the Kimura-2-parameter model. The results indicate the existence of five Astyanax lineages. Some groups, such as that composed by the trans-Andean forms, are mostly composed of well-defined species, and in others a number of nominal species are clustered together, hampering the delimitation of species, which in many cases proved impossible. The results confirm the extreme complexity of the systematics of the genus Astyanax and show that DNA barcoding can be an useful tool to address these complexes questions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/17009-2 - Biodiversity and phylogenetic relationships of the genera Astyanax, Hemigrammus, Hyphessobrycon and Moenkhausia (Characiformes: Characidae)
Grantee:Claudio de Oliveira
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants