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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Characterization of two new putative adhesins of Leptospira interrogans

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Figueredo, Jupciana M. ; Siqueira, Gabriela H. ; de Souza, Gisele O. ; Heinemann, Marcos B. ; Vasconcellos, Silvio A. ; Chapola, Erica G. B. ; Nascimento, Ana L. T. O.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: MICROBIOLOGY-SGM; v. 163, n. 1, p. 37-51, JAN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3

We here report the characterization of two novel proteins encoded by the genes LIC11122 and LIC12287, identified in the genome sequences of Leptospira interrogans, annotated, respectively, as a putative sigma factor and a hypothetical protein. The CDSs LIC11122 and LIC12287 have signal peptide SPII and SPI and are predicted to be located mainly at the cytoplasmic membrane of the bacteria. The genes were cloned and the proteins expressed using Escherichia coli. Proteinase K digestion showed that both proteins are surface exposed. Evaluation of interaction of recombinant proteins with extracellular matrix components revealed that they are laminin binding and they were called Lsa19 (LIC11122) and Lsa14 (LIC12287), for Leptospiral-surface adhesin of 19 and 14 kDa, respectively. The bindings were dose-dependent on protein concentration, reaching saturation, fulfilling the ligand-binding criteria. Reactivity of the recombinant proteins with leptospirosis human sera has shown that Lsa19 and, to a lesser extent, Lsa14, are recognized by antibodies, suggesting that, most probably, Lsa19 is expressed during infection. The proteins interact with plasminogen and generate plasmin in the presence of urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Plasmin generation in Leptospira has been associated with tissue penetration and immune evasion strategies. The presence of a sigma factor on the cell surface playing a secondary role, probably mediating host -pathogen interaction, suggests that LIC11122 is a moonlighting protein candidate. Although the biological significance of these putative adhesins will require the generation of mutants, our data suggest that Lsa19 is a potential candidate for future evaluation of its role in adhesion/colonization activities during L. interrogans infection. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50981-0 - Search for surface proteins among the genome sequences of Leptospira interrogans: functional and immunological characterization to understanding mechanisms involved in the bacterial pathogenesis
Grantee:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/23913-9 - Indentification and characterization of proteins of Leptospira interrogans involved in host-pathogen interactions
Grantee:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Support type: Regular Research Grants