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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of the type of ceria dopant on the performance of Ni/CeO2 SOFC anode for ethanol internal reforming

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Author(s):
da Silva, A. A. A. ; Bion, N. ; Epron, F. ; Baraka, S. ; Fonseca, F. C. ; Rabelo-Neto, R. C. ; Mattos, L. V. ; Noronha, F. B.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL; v. 206, p. 626-641, JUN 5 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 30
Abstract

This work studied the effect of the type of ceria dopant on the performance of Ni/CeO2 SOFC anode for ethanol conversion reaction. Ni-based catalysts supported on CeO2 doped with different cations (Gd, Y, Pr, Zr, Nb) were prepared by the hydrothermal method. The addition of dopant to ceria led to the formation of the solid solutions during calcination for all samples, except for CeNb sample due to the low solubility limit. In spite of the high oxygen mobility of ceria-based supports, all catalysts deactivated for ethanol decomposition reaction at 1123 K due to carbon deposition. The large Ni-0 and CeO2 crystallites formed during calcination at high temperature reduced the effectiveness of the mechanism of carbon removal because of the low metal -support interfacial area. The lowest formation of carbon on Ni/CeNb catalyst was attributed to the presence of NiNb2O6 phase. The reduction of this phase leads to the formation of Ni particles covered by NbOx species, which inhibits carbon formation.(C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/26961-7 - Development of anodes for solid oxide fuel cells operating directly on renewable fuels
Grantee:Fabio Coral Fonseca
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/09087-4 - Studies on the use of bioethanol in proton exchange membrane and solid oxide fuel cells
Grantee:Marcelo Linardi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants