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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Targeted Nanotechnology in Glioblastoma Multiforme

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Author(s):
Glaser, Talita ; Han, Inbo ; Wu, Liquan ; Zeng, Xiang
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY; v. 8, MAR 31 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 27
Abstract

Gliomas, and in particular glioblastoma multiforme, are aggressive brain tumors characterized by a poor prognosis and high rates of recurrence. Current treatment strategies are based on open surgery, chemotherapy (temozolomide) and radiotherapy. However, none of these treatments, alone or in combination, are considered effective in managing this devastating disease, resulting in a median survival time of less than 15 months. The efficiency of chemotherapy is mainly compromised by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that selectively inhibits drugs from infiltrating into the tumor mass. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), with their unique biology and their resistance to both radio-and chemotherapy, compound tumor aggressiveness and increase the chances of treatment failure. Therefore, more effective targeted therapeutic regimens are urgently required. In this article, some well-recognized biological features and biomarkers of this specific subgroup of tumor cells are profiled and new strategies and technologies in nanomedicine that explicitly target CSCs, after circumventing the BBB, are detailed. Major achievements in the development of nanotherapies, such as organic poly(propylene glycol) and poly(ethylene glycol) or inorganic (iron and gold) nanoparticles that can be conjugated to metal ions, liposomes, dendrimers and polymeric micelles, form the main scope of this summary. Moreover, novel biological strategies focused on manipulating gene expression (small interfering RNA and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats {[}CRISPR]/CRISPR associated protein 9 {[}Cas 9] technologies) for cancer therapy are also analyzed. The aim of this review is to analyze the gap between CSC biology and the development of targeted therapies. A better understanding of CSC properties could result in the development of precise nanotherapies to fulfill unmet clinical needs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/13345-1 - Huntington's disease: Huntingtin roles during cell fate decision
Grantee:Talita Glaser
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/07659-6 - Huntingtin's Roles in Fate Decision of GABAergic Neurons Derived from iPSCs of HD Patients
Grantee:Talita Glaser
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor