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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Leptospira Infection Interferes with the Prothrombinase Complex Assembly during Experimental Leptospirosis

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Vieira, Monica L. ; de Andrade, Sonia A. ; Morais, Zenaide M. ; Vasconcellos, Silvio A. ; Dagli, Maria Lucia Z. ; Nascimento, Ana Lucia T. O.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic and neglected infectious disease of human and veterinary concern, caused by pathogenic Leptospira species. Although bleeding is a common symptom of severe leptospirosis, the cause of hemorrhage is not completely understood. In severe infections, modulation of hemostasis by pathogens is an important virulence mechanism, and hemostatic impairments such as coagulation/fibrinolysis dysfunction are frequently observed. Here, we analyze the coagulation status of experimentally infected hamsters in an attempt to determine coagulation interferences and the origin of leptospirosis hemorrhagic symptomatology. Hamsters were experimentally infected with L. interrogans. The lungs, kidneys, and livers were collected for culture, histopathology, and coagulation assays. L. interrogans infection disturbs normal coagulation in the organs of animals. Our results suggest the presence of a thrombin-like factor or FX activator, which is able to activate FII in the leptospirosis organ extracts. The activity of those factors is accelerated in the prothrombinase complex. Additionally, we show for the first time that live leptospires act as a surface for the prothrombinase complex assembly. Our results contribute to the understanding of leptospirosis pathophysiological mechanisms and may open new routes for the discovery of novel treatments in the severe manifestations of the disease. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50981-0 - Search for surface proteins among the genome sequences of Leptospira interrogans: functional and immunological characterization to understanding mechanisms involved in the bacterial pathogenesis
Grantee:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/23913-9 - Indentification and characterization of proteins of Leptospira interrogans involved in host-pathogen interactions
Grantee:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50523-7 - Cloning, expression, purification and characterization of Leptospira interrogans thermolysin: interactions with plasminogen / plasmin system and implications for infection
Grantee:Mônica Larucci Vieira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate