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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inactivation of the spxA1 or spxA2 gene of Streptococcus mutans decreases virulence in the rat caries model

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Author(s):
Galvao, L. C. C. ; Rosalen, P. L. ; Rivera-Ramos, I. ; Franco, G. C. N. ; Kajfasz, J. K. ; Abranches, J. ; Bueno-Silva, B. ; Koo, H. ; Lemos, J. A.
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecular Oral Microbiology; v. 32, n. 2, p. 142-153, APR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

In oral biofilms, the major environmental challenges encountered by Streptococcus mutans are acid and oxidative stresses. Previously, we showed that the transcriptional regulators SpxA1 and SpxA2 are involved in general stress survival of S.mutans with SpxA1 playing a primary role in activation of antioxidant and detoxification strategies whereas SpxA2 serves as a back up activator of oxidative stress genes. We have also found that spxA1 mutant strains (spxA1 and spxA1spxA2) are outcompeted by peroxigenic oral streptococci invitro and have impaired abilities to colonize the teeth of rats fed a highly cariogenic diet. Here, we show that the Spx proteins can also exert regulatory roles in the expression of additional virulence attributes of S.mutans. Competence activation is significantly impaired inspx strains and the production of mutacin IVand V is virtually abolished in spxA1 strains.Unexpectedly, the spxA2 strain showed increased production of glucans from sucrose, without affecting the total amount of bacteria within biofilms when compared with the parent strain. By using the rat caries model, we showed that the capacity of the spxA1 and spxA2 strains to cause caries on smooth tooth surfaces is significantly impaired. The spxA2 strain also formed fewer lesions on sulcal surfaces. This report reveals that global regulation via Spx contributes to the cariogenic potential of S.mutans and highlights that animal models are essential in the characterization of bacterial traits implicated in virulence. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/03816-4 - Biomolecular study of spx controlled genes related to oxidative stress in Streptococcus mutans
Grantee:Lívia Câmara de Carvalho Galvão
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/02278-3 - Construction and phenotypic characterization of Streptococcus mutans mutants strains of genes related to virulence
Grantee:Lívia Câmara de Carvalho Galvão
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate