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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Urate hydroperoxide oxidizes human peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2

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Carvalho, Larissa A. C. ; Truzzi, Daniela R. ; Fallani, Thamiris S. ; Alves, Simone V. ; Toledo, Jose Carlos ; Augusto, Ohara ; Netto, Luis E. S. ; Meotti, Flavia C.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry; v. 292, n. 21, p. 8705-8715, MAY 26 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Urate hydroperoxide is a product of the oxidation of uric acid by inflammatory heme peroxidases. The formation of urate hydroperoxide might be a key event in vascular inflammation, where there is large amount of uric acid and inflammatory peroxidases. Urate hydroperoxide oxidizes glutathione and sulfur-containing amino acids and is expected to react fast toward reactive thiols from peroxiredoxins (Prxs). The kinetics for the oxidation of the cytosolic 2-Cys Prx1 and Prx2 revealed that urate hydroperoxide oxidizes these enzymes at rates comparable with hydrogen peroxide. The second-order rate constants of these reactions were 4.9 x 10(5) and 2.3 x 10(6) m(-1) s(-1) for Prx1 and Prx2, respectively. Kinetic and simulation data suggest that the oxidation of Prx2 by urate hydroperoxide occurs by a three-step mechanism, where the peroxide reversibly associates with the enzyme; then it oxidizes the peroxidatic cysteine, and finally, the rate-limiting disulfide bond is formed. Of relevance, the disulfide bond formation was much slower in Prx2 (k(3) = 0.31 s(-1)) than Prx1 (k(3) = 14.9 s(-1)). In addition, Prx2 was more sensitive than Prx1 to hyperoxidation caused by both urate hydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide. Urate hydroperoxide oxidized Prx2 from intact erythrocytes to the same extent as hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, Prx1 and Prx2 are likely targets of urate hydroperoxide in cells. Oxidation of Prxs by urate hydroperoxide might affect cell function and be partially responsible for the pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory effects of uric acid. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/18106-4 - Oxidation of uric acid by myeloperoxidase in inflammatory processes and the implications for cardiovascular disease
Grantee:Flavia Carla Meotti
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07937-8 - Redoxome - Redox Processes in Biomedicine
Grantee:Ohara Augusto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC