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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Simulated austral winter response of the Hadley circulation and stationary Rossby wave propagation to a warming climate

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Author(s):
Freitas, Ana C. V. ; Frederiksen, Jorgen S. ; O'Kane, Terence J. ; Ambrizzi, Tercio
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Climate Dynamics; v. 49, n. 1-2, p. 521-545, JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Ensemble simulations, using both coupled ocean-atmosphere (AOGCM) and atmosphere only (AGCM) general circulation models, are employed to examine the austral winter response of the Hadley circulation (HC) and stationary Rossby wave propagation (SRW) to a warming climate. Changes in the strength and width of the HC are firstly examined in a set of runs with idealized sea surface temperature (SST) perturbations as boundary conditions in the AGCM. Strong and weak SST gradient experiments (SG and WG, respectively) simulate changes in the HC intensity, whereas narrow (5A degrees S-5A degrees N) and wide (30A degrees S-30A degrees N) SST warming experiments simulate changes in the HC width. To examine the combined impact of changes in the strength and width of the HC upon SRW propagation two AOGCM simulations using different scenarios of increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are employed. We show that, in contrast to a wide SST warming, the atmospheric simulations with a narrow SST warming produce stronger and very zonally extended Rossby wave sources, leading to stronger and eastward shifted troughs and ridges. Simulations with SST anomalies, either in narrow or wide latitude bands only modify the intensity of the troughs and ridges. SST anomalies outside the narrow latitude band of 5A degrees S-5A degrees N do not significantly affect the spatial pattern of SRW propagation. AOGCM simulations with 1 %/year increasing CO2 concentrations or 4 times preindustrial CO2 levels reveal very similar SRW responses to the atmospheric only simulations with anomalously wider SST warming. Our results suggest that in a warmer climate, the changes in the strength and width of the HC act in concert to significantly alter SRW sources and propagation characteristics. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/14231-1 - Relationship between the Hadley Circulation and the stationary Rossby waves in a global warming scenario in the Southern hemisphere
Grantee:Ana Carolina Vasques Freitas
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 08/58101-9 - Impact of the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean on South American climate for the 20th and 21st centuries
Grantee:Tercio Ambrizzi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants