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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The potential indirect effects among plants via shared hummingbird pollinators are structured by phenotypic similarity

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Author(s):
Bergamo, Pedro Joaquim ; Wolowski, Marina ; Maruama, Pietro Kiyoshi ; Vizentin-Bugoni, Jeferson ; Carvalheiro, Luisa G. ; Sazima, Marlies
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ECOLOGY; v. 98, n. 7, p. 1849-1858, JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Plant species within communities may overlap in pollinators' use and influence visitation patterns of shared pollinators, potentially engaging in indirect interactions (e.g., facilitation or competition). While several studies have explored the mechanisms regulating insect-pollination networks, there is a lack of studies on bird-pollination systems, particularly in species-rich tropical areas. Here, we evaluated if phenotypic similarity, resource availability (floral abundance), evolutionary relatedness and flowering phenology affect the potential for indirect effects via shared pollinators in hummingbird-pollinated plant species within four communities in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Among the evaluated factors, phenotypic similarity (corolla length and anther height) was the most important variable, while resource availability (floral abundance) had a secondary importance. On the other hand, evolutionary relatedness and flowering phenology were less important, which altogether highlights the relevance of convergent evolution and that the contribution of a plant to the diet of the pollinators of another plant is independent of the level of temporal overlap in flowering in this tropical system. Interestingly, our findings contrast with results from multiple insect-pollinated plant communities, mostly from temperate regions, in which floral abundance was the most important driver, followed by evolutionary relatedness and phenotypic similarity. We propose that these contrasting results are due to high level of specialization inherent to tropical hummingbird-pollination systems. Moreover, our results demonstrated that factors defining linkage rules of plant-hummingbird networks also determinate plant-plant potential indirect effects. Future studies are needed to test if these findings can be generalized to other highly specialized systems. Overall, our results have important implications for the understanding of ecological processes due resource sharing in mutualistic systems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/15129-9 - Reproductive isolation and pollination in Nematanthus Schrad. and Codonanthe (Mart.) Hanst. (Gesneriaceae), two genera of epiphytic plants of the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Marina Wolowski Torres
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/21457-4 - Linking macroecological patterns in ecological networks to functional traits of species: plant-hummingbird networks across the Americas
Grantee:Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama Mendonça
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate