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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

E2F1 somatic mutation within miRNA target site impairs gene regulation in colorectal cancer

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Lopes-Ramos, Camila M. ; Barros, Bruna P. ; Koyama, Fernanda C. ; Carpinetti, Paola A. ; Pezuk, Julia ; Doimo, Nayara T. S. ; Habr-Gama, Angelita ; Perez, Rodrigo O. ; Parmigiani, Raphael B.
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 7 JUL 13 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Background Genetic studies have largely concentrated on the impact of somatic mutations found in coding regions, and have neglected mutations outside of these. However, 3' untranslated regions (3' UTR) mutations can also disrupt or create miRNA target sites, and trigger oncogene activation or tumor suppressor inactivation. Methods We used next-generation sequencing to widely screen for genetic alterations within predicted miRNA target sites of oncogenes associated with colorectal cancer, and evaluated the functional impact of a new somatic mutation. Target sequencing of 47 genes was performed for 29 primary colorectal tumor samples. For 71 independent samples, Sanger methodology was used to screen for E2F1 mutations in miRNA predicted target sites, and the functional impact of these mutations was evaluated by luciferase reporter assays. Results We identified germline and somatic alterations in E2F1. Of the 100 samples evaluated, 3 had germline alterations at the MIR205-5p target site, while one had a somatic mutation at MIR136-5p target site. E2F1 gene expression was similar between normal and tumor tissues bearing the germline alteration; however, expression was increased 4-fold in tumor tissue that harbored a somatic mutation compared to that in normal tissue. Luciferase reporter assays revealed both germline and somatic alterations increased E2F1 activity relative to wild-type E2F1. Conclusions We demonstrated that somatic mutation within E2F1: MIR136-5p target site impairs miRNAmediated regulation and leads to increased gene activity. We conclude that somatic mutations that disrupt miRNA target sites have the potential to impact gene regulation, highlighting an important mechanism of oncogene activation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/05304-8 - Characterization of the global epigenetic profile of colorectal tumor cell lines
Grantee:Raphael Bessa Parmigiani
Support type: Regular Research Grants