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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Levels of Hepatic Activating Transcription Factor 6 and Caspase-3 Are Downregulated in Mice after Excessive Training

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Author(s):
Pinto, Ana P. [1] ; da Rocha, Alisson L. [1] ; Oliveira, Luciana da C. [1] ; Morais, Gustavo P. [2] ; de Vicente, Larissa G. [1] ; Cintra, Dennys E. [3] ; Pauli, Jose R. [3] ; Moura, Leandro P. [3] ; Ropelle, Eduardo R. [3] ; da Silva, Adelino S. R. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Postgrad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Sci Appl, Sport Sci Course, Limeira - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY; v. 8, SEP 26 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Recently, we demonstrated that different running overtraining (0T) protocols with the same external load, but performed downhill (OTR/down), uphill (OTR/up), and without inclination (OTR), led to hepatic fat accumulation. As the disruption of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is linked to animal models of fatty liver disease, we investigated the effects of these OT models on the proteins related to ER stress (i.e., BiP, inositol-requiring enzyme 1, protein kinase RNA -like endoplasmic reticulum kinase, elF2alpha, ATF6beta, and glucose -regulated protein 94) and apoptosis (C/EBP-homologous protein, Caspase-3, 4, and 12, Bax, and tumor necrosis factor receptor -associated factor 2) in livers of C57131\_/6 mice. Also, aerobic training can attenuate cardiac ER stress and improve exercise capacity. Therefore, we investigated whether the decrease in performance induced by our OT protocols is linked to ER stress and apoptosis in mouse hearts. The rodents were divided into six groups: naive (N, sedentary mice), control (CT, sedentary mice submitted to the performance evaluations), trained (TR), OTR/down, OTR/up, and OTR groups. Rotarod, incremental load, exhaustive, and grip force tests were used to evaluate performance. After the grip force test, the livers and cardiac muscles (i.e., left ventricle) were removed and used for immunoblotting. All of the OT protocols led to similar responses in the performance parameters and displayed significantly lower hepatic ATF6beta values compared to the N group. The OTR/down group exhibited lower liver cleaved caspase-3 values compared to the CT group. However, the other proteins related to ER stress and apoptosis were not modulated. Also, the cardiac proteins related to ER stress and apoptosis were not modulated in the experimental groups. In conclusion, the OT protocols decreased the levels of hepatic ATF6beta, and the OTR/down group decreased the levels of hepatic cleaved caspase-3. Also, the decrease in performance induced by our OT models is not associated with ER stress and apoptosis in mice hearts. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/08013-0 - Overreaching not functional in animal model and endoplasmic reticulum stress in muscle heart and liver
Grantee:Ana Paula Pinto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/20591-3 - Responses of proteins from the inflammatory, insulinic and hypertrophic molecular pathways to nonfunctional overreaching induced by treadmill running performed in downhill, without inclination and uphill in skeletal muscle of mice
Grantee:Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants