Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soluble and Non-Aggregated Phthalocyanines: Synthesis, Mechanistic Aspects and Their Main Building Blocks

Full text
Gobo, Nicholas R. S. [1] ; Brocksom, Timothy J. [1] ; de Oliveira, Kleber T. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, SP-310, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: CURRENT ORGANIC SYNTHESIS; v. 14, n. 8, p. 1132-1155, 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Background: Since its discovery on the 1930 decade, phthalocyanines have occupied a prominent place in the textile and dye industries due to their thermal stability, low solubility and reactivity. However, over the last three decades, many different applications have been found for phthalocyanine derivatives including medicine, materials science, catalysis and energy fields. In this review, we discuss about the phthalocyanine chemistry, and the principal synthetic precursors as well. Strategies developed for obtaining soluble and non-aggregated phthalocyanine dyes are also covered, with insights on the reaction mechanisms. The main synthetic methods for the synthesis of symmetric and non-symmetric systems are presented and discussed. Objective: This review aims to present an overview on phthalocyanine chemistry and their principal synthetic precursors, covering strategies developed for obtaining soluble and non-aggregated phthalocyanine dyes with insights on the reaction mechanisms. Also, the main synthetic methods are presented, and different approaches to symmetric and non-symmetric phthalocyanine are discussed. Conclusion: Phthalocyanines are compounds with significant applications and growing interest in science. Their physical and chemical properties have been more and more elucidated. The major challenge is to make the synthetic protocols more suitable and cheaper, in order to allow studies and application on large scales. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/21110-4 - Exploiting photocatalyzed reactions under continuous flow conditions by using porphyrinoid systems: (C-FlowPhotoChem)
Grantee:Kleber Thiago de Oliveira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/24092-9 - About the synthesis of Naphthalocyanine derivatives: strategies involving organometallic couplings and Methane[10]annulenes
Grantee:Nicholas Roberto da Silva Gobo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07276-1 - CEPOF - Optics and Photonic Research Center
Grantee:Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 11/13993-2 - Methodologies for the synthesis of bioactive terpenes
Grantee:Timothy John Brocksom
Support type: Regular Research Grants