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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

From psychological moments to mortality: A multidisciplinary synthesis on heart rate variability spanning the continuum of time

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Kemp, Andrew H. [1, 2, 3] ; Koenig, Julian [4] ; Thayer, Julian F. [5]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Swansea Univ, Dept Psychol, Swansea, W Glam - Wales
[2] Univ Sydney, Discipline Psychiat, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[3] Univ Sydney, Sch Psychol, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[4] Heidelberg Univ, Ctr Psychosocial Med, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Sect Translat Psychobiol Child & Adolescent Psych, Heidelberg - Germany
[5] Ohio State Univ, Dept Psychol, 1835 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 22

Heart rate variability (HRV) indexes functioning of the vagus nerve, arguably the most important nerve in the human body. The Neurovisceral Integration Model has provided a structural framework for understanding brain body integration, highlighting the role of the vagus in adaptation to the environment. In the present paper, we emphasise a temporal framework in which HRV may be considered a missing, structural link between psychological moments and mortality, a proposal we label as Neurovisceral Integration Across a Continuum of Time (or NIACT). This new framework places neurovisceral integration on a dimension of time, highlighting implications for lifespan development and healthy aging, and helping to bridge the gap between clearly demarcated disciplines such as psychology and epidemiology. The NIACT provides a novel framework, which conceptualizes how everyday psychological moments both affect and are affected by the vagus in ways that have long-term effects on mortality risk. We further emphasize that a longitudinal approach to understanding change in vagal function over time may yield novel scientific insights and important public health outcomes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50327-6 - Predicting adverse events in patients with acute coronary syndrome: an examination of the role of depression and autonomic imbalance
Grantee:Isabela Judith Martins Bensenor
Support type: Regular Research Grants