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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Kinetic and thermodynamic effects of manganese as a densification aid in yttria-stabilized zirconia

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Author(s):
Li, Hui [1] ; Souza, Flavio L. [1, 2] ; Castro, Ricardo H. R. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Davis, CA 95616 - USA
[2] Univ Fed Abc, Ave Estados 5001, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the European Ceramic Society; v. 38, n. 4, p. 1750-1759, APR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

This work demonstrates the role of Mn as an effective sintering aid in Yttria-Stabilized-Zirconia (YSZ) is a result of the concomitant reduction of activation energies and change of interfacial energies caused by Mn segregation. Kissinger analyses of the heat of sintering showed a decrease in activation energy from 219.9 kJ/mol for YSZ to 103.4 kJ/mol for YSZ containing 3-mol% Mn. Direct microcalorimetry analyses showed that the average surface and grain boundary energies of YSZ decreased from 0.94 and 0.71 J/m(2), respectively, to 0.70 and 0.17 J/m(2) for 3-mol% Mn doped YSZ. The decrease in the ratio between surface and grain boundary energies indicates an increase in dihedral angle from 137.5 to 166.6, meaning an increase in sintering stress. Segregation of manganese to grain boundaries was experimentally observed and is discussed to be responsible for both kinetic and thermodynamic changes in the system while suggesting interconnection by the thermodynamic extremal principle. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC