Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cost-effectiveness analysis of pharmaceutical care for hypertensive patients from the perspective of the public health system in Brazil

Full text
Cazarim, Maurilio de Souza [1] ; Leira Pereira, Leonardo Regis [1, 2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmaceut Sci, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Ctr Pesquisa Assistencia Farmaceut & Farm Clin CP, 23 Blc S, Av Cafe S-N, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 3 MAR 6 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Introduction Only 20% of patients with systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) have blood pressure within recommended parameters. SAH has been the main risk factor for morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases, which affects the burden of the Public Health System (PHS). Some studies have shown the effectiveness of Pharmaceutical Care (PC) in the care of hypertensive patients. Objective To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis to compare SAH treatment with PC management and conventional treatment for hypertensive patients offered by the PHS. Methods A cost-effectiveness study nested to a quasi-experimental study was conducted, in which 104 hypertensive patients were followed up in a PC program. Blood pressure control was considered as the outcome for the economic analysis and the costs were direct and non-direct medical costs. Results PC was dominant for two years in the post-PC period compared with the pre-PC year. The mean cost effectiveness ratio (CER) for the CERPre-PC, CERPC, and CERPost-PC periods were: US\$364.65, US\$415.39, and US\$231.14 respectively. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) analysis presented ICER of US\$478.41 in the PC period and US\$42.95 in the post PC period. Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis presented mean ICERPC and ICERPost-PC equal to US\$605.09 and US\$128.03, reaching US\$1,725.00 and US\$740.00 respectively. Conclusion Even for the highest ICER, the values were below the cost effectiveness threshold, which means that PC was a cost effective strategy for the care of hypertensive patients in the PHS. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02087-9 - Long-term economic evaluation of pharmaceutical care for patients with systemic arterial hypertension
Grantee:Maurilio de Souza Cazarim
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master