Francisco, Patricia M.
Mori, Gustavo M.
[1, 2, 3]
Alves, Fabio M.
Tambarussi, Evandro V.
de Souza, Anete P.
Total Authors: 5
 Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Mol Biol & Genet Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Sao Paulo Agcy Agribusiness Technol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Inst Biosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Plant Biol, Inst Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Midwestern State Univ, Dept Forestry Engn, Irati, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION;
Web of Science Citations:
Mangrove plants comprise plants with similar ecological features that have enabled them to adapt to life between the sea and the land. Within a geographic region, different mangrove species share not only similar adaptations but also similar genetic structure patterns. Along the eastern coast of South America, there is a subdivision between the populations north and south of the continent's northeastern extremity. Here, we aimed to test for this north-south genetic structure in Rhizophora mangle, a dominant mangrove plant in the Western Hemisphere. Additionally, we aimed to study the relationships between R.mangle, R.racemosa, and R.xharrisonii and to test for evidence of hybridization and introgression. Our results confirmed the north-south genetic structure pattern in R.mangle and revealed a less abrupt genetic break in the northern population than those observed in Avicennia species, another dominant and widespread mangrove genus in the Western Hemisphere. These results are consistent with the role of oceanic currents influencing sea-dispersed plants and differences between Avicennia and Rhizophora propagules in longevity and establishment time. We also observed that introgression and hybridization are relevant biological processes in the northeastern coast of South America and that they are likely asymmetric toward R.mangle, suggesting that adaptation might be a process maintaining this hybrid zone. (AU)