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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Thermochemical stability of zirconia-titanium nitride as mixed ionic-electronic composites

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Silva, P. S. M. [1] ; Esposito, V. [2] ; Marani, D. [3] ; de Florio, D. Z. [3] ; Machado, I. F. [4] ; Fonseca, F. C. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] CNEN SP, IPEN, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Energy Convers & Storage, DK-4000 Roskilde - Denmark
[3] Univ Fed ABC, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Politecn, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL; v. 44, n. 7, p. 8440-8446, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Dense zirconia (8% molar yttria-stabilized ZrO2)-titanium nitride (TiN) composites are fabricated to obtain mixed ionic-electronic conducting ceramic systems with high degree of electronic and thermal conductivity. The composites are consolidated by spark plasma sintering (SPS), starting from pure powders of the pristine phases mixed in different ratios (TiN = 25, 50, 75 wt%). A careful optimization of the SPS conditions allows producing highly dense samples with no reaction between the phases or degradation by oxidation, thus maintaining the chemical integrity of the two phases. For all the composites, high electrical conductivity is attained. Samples exhibit metallic behavior, showing an unexpected percolation of TiN in the YSZ matrix for volume fraction <= 25 wt% (27 vol%). Chemical degradation and electrical properties of the compounds were monitored under oxidative (air) and inert (Ar) atmosphere at high temperatures. The oxidation kinetics of the nitride phase was inhibited by the microstructure of the composite. The electrical properties of such composites were explored at high temperature to evaluate its application in electrochemical devices. As results, it is shown that electrical transport properties of the composite can be tuned by both the relative volume fraction of phases and controlled oxidative treatments. Adjusting such parameters different electric behaviors were observed ranging from predominant electronic conductors, to temperature-independent resistivity, and semiconducting. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50279-4 - Brasil Research Centre for Gas Innovation
Grantee:Julio Romano Meneghini
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research Centers in Engineering Program
FAPESP's process: 14/09087-4 - Studies on the use of bioethanol in proton exchange membrane and solid oxide fuel cells
Grantee:Marcelo Linardi
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/20434-0 - Development of ceramic nanosheets-based inks for inkjet printing of ultra-thin films for solid oxide cells (SOCs) components
Grantee:Fabio Coral Fonseca
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International