Univ Fed Alfenas, Inst Ciencia Tecnol, Cidade Univ, BR 267, Km 533, BR-37715400 Pocos De Caldas, MG - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ciencias Nat Matemat & Educ, Rod Anhanguera Km 174, BR-13600970 Araras, SP - Brazil
 Univ Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Univ Lyon, Lab Chim, Ens Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5182, F-69342 Lyon - France
Total Affiliations: 5
Journal of Physical Chemistry C;
JAN 25 2018.
Web of Science Citations:
In the present work, we report the multibranching effect on the dynamic first-order hyperpolarizability (beta(-2 omega; omega, omega)) of triphenylamine derivatives containing cyanopyridine one branch (dipolar structure), two-branch (V-shaped structure), and three-branch (octupolar structure) structures. For this study, we used the hyper-Rayleigh scattering (HRS) technique involving picosecond pulse trains at 1064 nm. Our results show that beta(HRS) increases from 2.02 X 10(-28) to 9.24 X 10(-28) cm(5)/esu when an extra branch is added to the molecule, configuring a change from a dipolar to a V-shaped (quadrupolar) molecular structure. When a third branch is added, leading to an octupolar structure, a decrease to 3.21 X 10(-28) cm(5)/esu is observed. Such a significant decrease in beta(HRS) is attributed to a negative contribution presented in the beta(HRS) description by using a three-level energy approach due to their electronic structure and considering a specific combination of the angle between the dipole moments. On the other hand, the enhancement of beta(HRS) found for the quadrupolar structure is associated with the cooperative enhancement due to the electronic coupling between the branches that increases considerably the transition dipole moment and permanent dipole moment change. To explain the beta(HRS) results obtained for different molecules, we employed the HRS figure of merit, FOMHRS = beta(HRS)/N-eff(3/2), in which N-eff is the effective number of pi(-)conjugated bonds, and the few-energy level approach for beta(HRS) within the Frenkel exciton model. To shed more light on the experimental results interpretation, we performed time-dependent density functional theory calculations combined with a polarizable continuum model to confirm the energy and oscillator strength of the electronic transitions assumed in the Frenkel exciton model employed here. (AU)