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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Synergistic interactions between lecithin and fruit wax in oleogel formation

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Okuro, Paula K. [1] ; Tavernier, Iris [2] ; Bin Sintang, Mohd D. [2, 3] ; Skirtach, Andre G. [4] ; Vicente, Antonio A. [5] ; Dewettinck, Koen [2] ; Cunha, Rosiane L. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Lab Proc Engn, Dept Food Engn, Fac Food Engn, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Ghent, Dept Food Safety & Food Qual, Lab Food Technol & Engn, Vandemoortele Ctr Lipid Sci & Technol, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[3] Univ Malaysia, Fac Food Sci & Nutr, Dept Food Technol & Bioproc, Sabah - Malaysia
[4] Univ Ghent, Dept Mol Biotechnol, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[5] Univ Minho, Ctr Biol Engn, Campus Gualtar, P-4710057 Braga - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: FOOD & FUNCTION; v. 9, n. 3, p. 1755-1767, MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 9

In this study, the effect of lecithin (LEC) on the crystallization and gelation of fruit wax (FW) with sunflower oil was researched. A synergistic effect on the gel strength was observed at FW : LEC ratios of 75 : 25 and 50 : 50, compared to the corresponding single component formulations (100 : 0 and 0 :100). Even below the critical gelling concentration (C9) of FW, the addition of lecithin enabled gel formation. Lecithin affected the thermal behavior of the structure by delaying both crystallization and gel formation. The phospholipid acted as a crystal habit modifier changing the microstructure of the oleogel, as was observed by polarized light microscopy. Cryo-scanning electron microscopy revealed a similar platelet like arrangement for both FW as a single oleogelator and FW in combination with LEC. However, a denser structure could be observed in the FW : LEC oleogelator mixture. Both the oil -binding capacity and the thixotropic recovery were enhanced upon lecithin addition. These improvements were attributed to the hydrogen bonding between FW and LEC, as suggested by Raman spectroscopy. We hypothesized that lecithin alters the molecular assembly properties of the FW due to the interactions between the polar moieties of the oleogelators, which consequently impacts the hydrophobic tail (re)arrangement in gelator - gelator and solvent - gelator interactions. The lipid crystal engineering approach followed here offered prospects of obtaining harder self-standing structures at a lower oleogelator concentration. These synergistic interactions provide an opportunity to reduce the wax concentration and, as such, the waxy mouthfeel without compromising the oleogel properties. (AU)

Grantee:Paula Kiyomi Okuro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/10277-8 - Formulation-depending parameters on the mechanical,thermal and rheological properties of lecithin-based oleogels
Grantee:Paula Kiyomi Okuro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate