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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Blocking effect in promising proton conductors based on Ba(3)Ca(1.18)Nb1.82-xRxO(9-delta) (R = Y3+, Gd3+, Sm3+, Nd3+) ordered perovskites for PC-SOFCs

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Author(s):
Francisco, L. H. [1] ; Rodrigues, J. E. [1, 2] ; Correr, W. R. [1] ; Hernandes, A. C. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Crystal Growth & Ceram Mat Res Grp, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Phys, Opt Spect & Raman Scattering Res Grp, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL; v. 44, n. 9, p. 10806-10812, JUN 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

High proton conductivity and good chemical stability are keys to development of new electrolytes for PC-SOFCs as the next-future energy generation systems. However, the extensive use of new polycrystalline materials as solid electrolytes is still avoided, since the grain boundary response usually leads to a decrease in total conductivity due to electrical blocking effect. Here, we present our results on the space-charge modeling of impedance spectroscopy data obtained for Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82-xRxO9-delta proton conducting ceramics, where x = 0, 0.30 and R = Y3+, Gd3+, Sm3+, Nd3+ are doping agents. Non-stoichiometric barium calcium niobate perovskites have received much attention as potential solid electrolytes for proton conducting solid oxide fuel cells. We show that despite their increased grain conductivity, the doped ceramics possess Schottky barriers that are higher than those observed for undoped Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82O9-delta. In view of the space-charge model, proton depletion at the space-charge layer is the reason for the reduction of grain boundary conductivity in the doped compositions. Our findings are important for the understanding of proton conduction mechanisms in polycrystalline materials, which may allow future optimization of new doped electrolytes based on barium calcium niobate perovskites. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57872-1 - National Institute for Materials Science in Nanotechnology
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC