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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of plankton metabolism and mixing depth on CO2 dynamics in an Amazon floodplain lake

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Author(s):
Amaral, Joao Henrique F. [1, 2] ; Borges, Alberto V. [3] ; Melack, John M. [4] ; Sarmento, Hugo [5] ; Barbosa, Pedro M. [6] ; Kasper, Daniele [6, 2] ; de Melo, Michaela L. [5] ; De Fex-Wolf, Daniela [2] ; da Silva, Jonismar S. [2] ; Forsberg, Bruce R. [2]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Lab Ecossistemas Aquat, Coordenacao Dinam Ambiental, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Univ Liege, Chem Oceanog Unit, Liege - Belgium
[4] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hidrobiol, Lab Microbial Proc & Biodivers, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Ctr Ciencias Saude, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 630, p. 1381-1393, JUL 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

We investigated plankton metabolism and its influence on carbon dioxide (CO2) dynamics in a central Amazon floodplain lake (Janauaa 3 23 S, 60 18' W) from September 2015 to May 2016, including a period with exceptional drought. We made diel measurements of CO2 emissions W he atmosphere with floating chambers and depth profiles of temperature and CO2 partial pressure (pCO(2)) al two silos with differing wind exposure and proximity to vegetated habitats. Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations were monitored continuously during day and night in clear and dark chambers with autonomous optical sensors to evaluate plankton metabolism. Overnight community respiration (CR), and gross primary production (GPP) rates were higher in clear chambers and positively correlated with chlorophyll-a (Chl-a). CO2 air-water fluxes varied over 24-h periods with changes in thermal structure and metabolism. Most net daily CO2 fluxes during low water and mid-rising water at the wind exposed site were into the lake as a result of high rates of photosynthesis. All other measurements indicated net daily release to the atmosphere. Average GPP rates (6.8 gC m(-2) cl(-1)) were high compared with other studies in Amazon floodplain lakes. The growth of herbaceous plants on exposed sediment during an exceptional drought led to large carbon inputs when these areas were flooded, enhancing CR, pCO(2), and CO2 fluxes. During the period when the submerged herbaceous vegetation decayed phytoplankton abundance increased and photosynthetic uptake of CO2 occurred. While planktonic metabolism was often autotrophic (CPP:CR > 1), CO2 out-gassing occurred during most periods investigated indicating other inputs of carbon such as sediments or soils and wetland plants. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/14139-3 - Microbial processes and biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems
Grantee:Hugo Miguel Preto de Morais Sarmento
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants