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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ecological restoration efforts in tropical rural landscapes: Challenges and policy implications in a highly degraded region

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Author(s):
Toledo, Renato Miazaki [1, 2] ; Santos, Rozely Ferreira [1] ; Verheyen, Kris [2] ; Perring, Michael P. [2, 3]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, LEPaC, Rua Matao 321, Travessa 14, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Forest & Nat Lab, Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, B-9090 Melle Gontrode - Belgium
[3] Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Ecosyst Restorat & Intervent Ecol Res Grp, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 - Australia
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: LAND USE POLICY; v. 75, p. 486-493, JUN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Ecological restoration has received increasing attention as international agreements have set ambitious goals tc mitigate environmental change and reshape degraded landscapes. However, current restoration activities sometimes remain modest in their success. In particular, tropical forest restoration has had mixed outcomes wilt variable cost-efficiency. Here, we address the need for taking into account the spatial context of restoration tc inform policy initiatives that aim to improve the ecological and economic effectiveness of restoration. We ac{''} cessed the spatial distribution of relevant characteristics for ecological restoration in an emblematic heavily degraded tropical region: Sao Paulo state, Brazil. We compared statewide patterns in soil erosion risk, distance tc remnant habitat, and agricultural land use, to their characteristics in land voluntarily offered for active re storation. Based on this comparison, active restoration is likely to take place through small, low-priced parcels of land, usually in the context of substantial soil erosion risk and exacerbated deforestation. Restoration ecology predicts the need for expensive actions to assist a limited recovery process in such highly degraded conditions This general pattern also suggests the necessity for long-term commitment among a broad set of social actors combined to mitigation of degradation in adjacent remnants and agricultural lands. Active restoration may be complemented by spontaneous regeneration in areas with less adverse conditions. Policy makers therefore neec to consider the complementarity of lands voluntarily offered for restoration, and land made available for re storation through other mechanisms. Our findings, likely applicable to other densely populated tropical regions suggest that land-use policies need to address drivers of restoration success at a fine-scale to enable effective strategies. We suggest this can be achieved by spatial analyses that incorporate biophysical features that de termine restoration opportunities and the likelihood of success. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/20206-5 - Assessing the context effect on forest restoration projects and investigating the consequences over ecosystem services
Grantee:Renato Miazaki de Toledo
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/24851-0 - In which extent loss of landscape connectivity and soil degradation restricts the efficiency of the forest restoration?
Grantee:Renato Miazaki de Toledo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate