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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A high-fat diet can affect bone healing in growing rats

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Author(s):
Yamanaka, Jessica Suzuki [1] ; Yanagihara, Gabriela Rezende [1] ; Carlos, Bruna Leonel [1] ; Ramos, Junia [2] ; Brancaleon, Brigida Batista [1] ; Macedo, Ana Paula [3] ; Mardegan Issa, Joao Paulo [1, 2] ; Shimano, Antonio Carlos [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biomecan Med & Reabilitacao Aparelho Locomot, Rua Pedreira de Freitas S-N, BR-14049900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol Fisiol & Patol Basica, Fac Odontol Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Mat Dent & Proteses, Fac Odontol Ribeiro Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL METABOLISM; v. 36, n. 3, p. 255-263, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

A high-fat diet (HFD) can have a negative effect on bone quality in young and old people. Although bone healing in children is normally efficient, there is no evidence that children who have a diet rich in fat have compromised bone fracture regeneration compared with children with recommended dietary fat levels. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an HFD on bone healing in growing female rats. Twenty-six postweaning female Wistar rats were divided into two groups (13 animals per group): a standard diet (SD) group and an HFD (with 60% of energy from fat) group. The rats received the assigned diets for 5 weeks, and in the third week they were submitted to an osteotomy procedure of the left tibia. Body mass and feed intake were recorded during the experiment. One day before euthanasia, an insulin tolerance test was performed. After euthanasia, the tibiae were removed and analyzed by densitometry, mechanical testing, histomorphometry, stereology and immunohistochemistry. An HFD caused an adaptive response to maintain energetic balance by decreasing feed intake and causing insulin insensitivity. There was no change in bone mineral density, collagen amount and immunostaining for bone formation, but maximal load and stiffness were decreased in the HFD group. In addition, bone volume had a tendency to be higher in the SD group than in the HFD group. Compared with rats receiving an SD, growing rats receiving an HFD for 5 weeks had similar bone mineral density but altered mechanical properties at the osteotomy defect site. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/10733-8 - Tissue and biomechanics analysis of bones of rats fed high-fat diet: experimental study of the relationship between fat mass and bone loss
Grantee:Antônio Carlos Shimano
Support type: Regular Research Grants