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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Renal perivascular adipose tissue: Form and function

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Restini, Carolina Baraldi A. [1] ; Ismail, Alex [1] ; Kumar, Ramya K. [1] ; Burnett, Robert [1] ; Garver, Hannah [1] ; Fink, Gregory D. [1] ; Watts, Stephanie W. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Michigan State Univ, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, 1355 Bogue St, Rm B445, E Lansing, MI 48824 - USA
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: VASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY; v. 106, p. 37-45, JUL 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Renal sympathetic activity affects blood pressure in part by increasing renovascular resistance via release of norepinephrine (NE) from sympathetic nerves onto renal arteries. Here we test the idea that adipose tissue adjacent to renal blood vessels, i.e. renal perivascular adipose tissue (RPVAT), contains a pool of NE which can be released to alter renal vascular function. RPVAT was obtained from around the main renal artery/vein of the male Sprague Dawley rats. Thoracic aortic PVAT and mesenteric PVAT also were studied as brown-like and white fat comparators respectively. RPVAT was identified as a mix of white and brown adipocytes, because of expression of both brown-like (e.g. uncoupling protein 1) and white adipogenic genes. All PVATs contained NE (ng/g tissue, RPVAT:524 +/- 68, TAPVAT:740 +/- 16, MPVAT:96 +/- 24). NE was visualized specifically in RPVAT adipocytes by immunohistochemistry. The presence of RPVAT (+RPVAT) did not alter the response of isolated renal arteries to NE compared to responses of arteries without RPVAT (-RPVAT). By contrast, the maximum contraction to the sympathomimetic tyramine was similar to 2 x greater in the renal artery +PVAT versus -PVAT. Tyramine-induced contraction in +RPVAT renal arteries was reduced by the as-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin and the NE transporter inhibitor nisoxetine. These results suggest that tyramine caused release of NE from RPVAT. Renal denervation significantly ( > 50%) reduced NE content of RPVAT but did not modify tyramine-induced contraction of +RPVAT renal arteries. Collectively, these data support the existence of a releasable pool of NE in RPVAT that is independent of renal sympathetic innervation and has the potential to change renal arterial function. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25822-9 - Functional adrenergic system in renal perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)
Grantee:Carolina Baraldi Araujo Restini
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research