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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Amastigote Synapse: The Tricks of Trypanosoma cruzi Extracellular Amastigotes

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Author(s):
Bonfim-Melo, Alexis [1] ; Ferreira, Eden R. [1] ; Florentino, Pilar T. V. [2] ; Mortara, Renato A. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol Imunol & Parasitol, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Biomed Sci Inst 2, DNA Repair Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 9, JUN 27 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

To complete its life cycle within the mammalian host, Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas' disease, must enter cells. Trypomastigotes originating from the insect vector (metacyclic) or from infected cells (bloodstream/tissue culture-derived) are the classical infective forms of the parasite and enter mammalian cells in an actin-independent manner. By contrast, amastigotes originating from the premature rupture of infected cells or transformed from swimming trypomastigotes (designated extracellular amastigotes, EAs) require functional intact microfilaments to invade non-phagocytic host cells. Earlier work disclosed the key features of EA-HeLa cell interplay: actin-rich protrusions called `cups' are formed at EA invasion sites on the host cell membrane that are also enriched in actin-binding proteins, integrins and extracellular matrix elements. In the past decades we described the participation of membrane components and secreted factors from EAs as well as the actin-regulating proteins of host cells involved in what we propose to be a phagocytic-like mechanism of parasite uptake. Thus, regarding this new perspective herein we present previously described EA-induced `cups' as parasitic synapse since they can play a role beyond its architecture function. In this review, we focus on recent findings that shed light on the intricate interaction between extracellular amastigotes and non-phagocytic HeLa cells. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03357-1 - Characterization of the epitopes expression and infectivity of extracellular amastigotes from different Trypanosoma cruzi strains
Grantee:Pilar Sampaio Tavares Veras
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/51475-3 - Molecular and cellular biology of the parasitism by Trypanosoma cruzi
Grantee:José Franco da Silveira Filho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/21335-8 - The Cdc42/N-WASP and Rac1/WAVE2 pathways regulation of actin dynamics during cellular invasion by extracellular amastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi
Grantee:Alexis de Sá Ribeiro do Bonfim de Melo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/25282-6 - The role of ezrin, radixin and moesin (ERM proteins) in cell invasion by extracellular amastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi.
Grantee:Éden Ramalho de Araujo Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate