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Ginga of Angola: memories and representations of the warrior queen in diaspora

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Mariana Bracks Fonseca
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marina de Mello e Souza; Martha Campos Abreu; Leila Maria Gonçalves Leite Hernandez; Marianna Francisca Martins Monteiro; Maria Cristina Cortez Wissenbach
Advisor: Marina de Mello e Souza

This work intends to discuss the memories and the representantions that envolve the hisorical personage Nzinga/ Njinga Mbandi, know as Queen Ginga. This sovereign lived in 17th century in Matamba region, in present-day Angola. Her legacy, however, extends through long temporality and transits between the two shores of the South Atlantic. This thesis seeks to understand the role of this sovereign of the configuration of ethnic identities in Angola, going from the seventeenth century, when she united different peoples in their campaigns of resistance against the Portuguese conquest, until the 21th century, realizing the strategies of the local government and agents to mobilize their memory to support the ideological and political struggles that crossed the country. From the perspective of the Atlantic Diaspora, I try to understand how the memory of the warrior queen was recreated in Brazil by the enslaved peoples, analyzing Capoeira Angola and Congado. I think the Capoeiras history in Brazil and the identity issues that have involved it, with a special interest in the construction of Angola\'s identity and what it expresses in terms of the conservation of the Central African worldviews. The corporal movement named ginga is associated with representations of the Angolan queen. Queen Ginga appears in multiple forms in coronation celebrations of the king of Congo, popularly called Congados, from early 19th century. I follow the tracks of the presence of the Queen Ginga in the popular autos, passing through the records of folklorists and scholars of the black culture. I present the references to this personage in several parts of Brazil and the results of the field research carried out next to the Congado of Visconde do Rio Branco (MG), commanded until today by the matriarch who holds the title Queen Ginga. From the oral repertoires of these cultural traditions and the knowledge of the older masters, I try to understand how the peoples of the Angolan region recorded their legends, beliefs and histories, using corporeality and musicality to articulate their cultural and ethnic resistance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/23825-5 - Nzinga Mbandi, Ginga of Angola: memory and representations of the warrior queen in Diaspora
Grantee:Mariana Bracks Fonseca
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate