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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Initial characterization of newly identified mitochondrial and chloroplast small HSPs from sugarcane shows that these chaperones have different oligomerization states and substrate specificities

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Pinheiro, Glaucia M. S. [1] ; Ramos, Carlos H. I. [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Chem Inst, POB 6154, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry; v. 129, p. 285-294, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Chaperones belonging to the small heat shock protein (sHSP) family are ubiquitous and exhibit elevated expression under stresses conditions to protect proteins against aggregation, thereby contributing to the stress tolerance of the organism. Tropical plants are constantly exposed to high temperatures, and the mechanisms by which these plants tolerate heat stress are of foremost importance to basic science as well as applied agrobio-technology. Therefore, this study aims to characterize sHSPs from different organelles from sugarcane, an important crop that is associated with sugar and bioenergy production. An expression sequence tag database of sugarcane was searched, and sHsp genes of mitochondrial and chloroplast organelles were selected and cloned. The proteins were expressed in Escherichia coil and isolated and purified by two chromatographic steps with high purity as single species. Circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy showed that both proteins were purified in their folded states with a predominant beta-sheet secondary structure. Determination of the molecular weight, diffusion coefficient and Stokes radius parameters showed that both chaperones form large spherical-like oligomers in solution. The two sHSPs had different oligomeric states and substrate specificities. The mitochondrial sHSP was a 20-mer with ability to protect model substrates that differ from that of the 16-meric sHSP from chloroplasts. These results indicate that both sHSPs are key agents to protect against stress confirming the importance of the great diversity of sHSP chaperones in plants for homeostasis maintenance. Moreover, to our knowledge, this is the first report about small HSPs from sugarcane organelles. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50161-8 - Study of the structure and function of the Hsp90 chaperone with emphasis on its role in cellular homeostasis
Grantee:Carlos Henrique Inacio Ramos
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/05115-5 - Cloning, expression and study of the relationship between structure and function of molecular chaperones thermosensitive sugarcane
Grantee:Glaucia Melina Squizato Pinheiro de Castro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate