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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Strategic grazing management towards sustainable intensification at tropical pasture-based dairy systems

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Author(s):
Congio, Guilhermo F. S. [1] ; Batalha, Camila D. A. [1] ; Chiavegato, Marilia B. [1] ; Berndt, Alexandre [2] ; Oliveira, Patricia P. A. [2] ; Frighetto, Rosa T. S. [3] ; Maxwell, Thomas M. R. [4] ; Gregorini, Pablo [4] ; Da Silva, Sila C. [1]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr USP ESALQ, Anim Sci Dept, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] EMBRAPA Meio Ambiente, Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[4] Lincoln Univ, Fac Agr & Life Sci, Christchurch - New Zealand
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 636, p. 872-880, SEP 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Agricultural systems are responsible fur environmental impacts that can be mitigated through the adoption of more sustainable principles. Our objective was to investigate the influence of two pre-grazing targets (95% and maximum canopy light interception during pasture regrowth; LI95% and LIMax, respectively) on sward structure and herbage nutritive value of elephant grass cv. Cameroon, and dry matter intake (DMI), milk yield, stocking rate, enteric methane (CH4) emissions by Holstein x Jersey daily cows. We hypothesized that grazing strategies modifying the sward structure of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) improves nutritive value of herbage, increasing DMI and reducing intensity of enteric CH4 emissions, providing environmental and productivity benefits to tropical pasture-based dairy systems. Results indicated that pre-sward surface height was greater for LIMax (approximate to 135 cm) than LI95% (approximate to 100 cm) and can be used as a reliable field guide for monitoring sward structure. Grazing management based on LI95% criteria improved herbage nutritive value and grazing efficiency, allowing greater DMI, milk yield and stocking rate by dairy cows. Daily enteric CH4 emission was not affected; however, cows grazing elephant grass at LI95% were more effluent and emitted 21% less CH4/kg of milk yield and 18% less CH4/kg of DMI. The 51% increase in milk yield per hectare overcame the 29% increase in enteric CH4 emissions per hectare in LI95% grazing management. Thereby the same resource allocation resulted in a 16% mitigation of the main greenhouse gas from pasture-based dairy systems. Overall, strategic grazing management is an environmental friendly practice that improves use efficiency of allocated resources through optimization of processes evolving plant, ruminant and their interface, and enhances milk production efficiency of tropical pasture-based systems. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22040-2 - Nutritive value, milk yield and greenhouse gas emissions in elephant grass cv. Cameroon subjected to strategies of rotational grazing by dairy cows
Grantee:Sila Carneiro da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/20182-9 - Grazing management strategies, performance and enteric methane emissions of dairy cows on elephant grass cv. Cameroon
Grantee:Marilia Barbosa Chiavegato
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate