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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

First chromosomal analysis in Gymnarchus niloticus (Gymnarchidae: Osteoglossiformes): insights into the karyotype evolution of this ancient fish order

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Hatanaka, Terumi [1] ; De Oliveira, Ezequiel A. [1, 2] ; Rab, Petr [3] ; Yano, Cassia F. [1] ; Bertollo, Luiz A. C. [1] ; Ezaz, Tariq [4] ; Ilesanmi Jegede, Oladele Oladele [5] ; Liehr, Thomas [6] ; Olaleye, Victor F. [7] ; Cioffi, Marcelo De Bello [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Secretaria Estado Educ Mato Grosso SEDUC MT, Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
[3] Czech Acad Sci, Inst Anim Physiol & Genet, Lab Fish Genet, Rumburska 89, Libechov 27721 - Czech Republic
[4] Univ Canberra, Inst Appl Ecol, Canberra, ACT 2601 - Australia
[5] Adamawa State Univ, Dept Fisheries & Aquaculture, Mubi, Adamawa State - Nigeria
[6] Jena Univ Hosp, Inst Human Genet, Klinikum 1, D-07747 Jena - Germany
[7] Obafemi Awolowo Univ, Dept Zool, Ife - Nigeria
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 125, n. 1, p. 83-92, SEP 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Osteoglossiformes is one of the most ancient (Early Triassic) groups of freshwater teleosts and has at least one representative on each continent of the Southern Hemisphere, with the exception of Antarctica. Among its six described families, the Gymnarchidae occurs in many African rivers, including the river Nile, where Gymnarchus niloticus is its only representative. In this study we provide, for the first time, a comprehensive cytogenetic analysis for G. niloticus, which includes definition of the standard karyotype, C-banding, repetitive DNA mapping and comparative genomic hybridization, in order to investigate its chromosomal patterns and provide new data for comparative analyses with other Osteoglossiformes species. The 2n was 34 (26 metacentric + 8 submetacentric) in both sexes, and C-positive heterochromatic bands were detected in the centromeric/pericentromeric regions of all chromosomes. The simultaneous detection of 18S and 5S ribosomal DNAs showed simple and non-syntenical locations for such sequences, and a Chromomycin A3-positive band was observed, which is co-localized within the 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Fluorescence in situ hybridization using U2 small nuclear RNA, Rex6 and some microssatelites as probes showed a scattered distribution among chromosomes. Data from comparative genomic hybridization experiments with some other African Osteoglossiformes species showed that all these species have an advanced stage of sequence divergence. The results highlight the evolutionary diversification of osteoglossiform fishes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22196-2 - An intercontinental approach of the chromosomal evolution in the order Osteoglossiformes (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha). Parte II
Grantee:Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Support type: Regular Research Grants